Powerplant Revue: Hi's Radio Mill Proves Potent Yet Docile .35
February 1962 American Modeler
Johnson was a well-known designer and manufacturer of model airplane
engines in the middle of the last century. His series of throttled
engines was widely used in the early years of radio control. A lot
of research went into producing the enges to produce long lifetime,
easy starting, and consistency of operation. The Johnson 35 R/C,
which is the subject of this article, was one of the first to used
dual ball bearings on the crankshaft, contributing mightly to the
accomplishment of the aforementioned goals. The state of the art
for all types of model flying had advanced to where pilots could
expect their models to last longer (not as many destructive crashes)
so extending engine life was needed.
Powerplant Revue: Hi's Radio
Mill Proves Potent Yet Docile .35
powerplants in the .35 size look pretty much alike. And the Johnson
J-R/C from outward appearance is not unlike other 35's. But mount
it, flip the prop a couple of times and you find it's in a class
This .35 is one of the smoothest, easiest starting,
cleanest running engines tested, regardless of size. Not once during
the entire running period was it necessary to prime the engine.
Nor was it necessary to readjust the needle valve from its best
setting of 1/4 turn open. Starts, hot or cold and exceptionally
fast, required only a one flip choke, then one or two flips to catch.
Cleanliness of operation, or more technically combustion
efficiency, puts the J-R/C way up there. At about 3/4 throttle (9,500
rpm) 3 ounces of K&B Supersonic 100 fuel ran this engine for
over 7 minutes.
The J-R/C cannot be considered a quiet engine
by any stretch of the imagination. Standing close to it, even in
an open field, can put your head to ringing. This high noise factor
may even be helpful to the R/C pilot who wants to hear that his
engine is running smoothly at idling position.
Much as we'd
like to give an absolutely perfect report to a deserving product
we did experience some difficulty with the needle valve supplied.
When turned in to what should have been a fully closed position,
our test engine was still able to draw fuel. In fact, with a pressurized
fuel tank it could not break out of a rich running 4 cycle. It was
therefore necessary that we conduct our test without using a pressurized
fuel supply. We have since learned that this condition is not common
to all J-R/C engines. We agree with Hi Johnson that numerous factors
can affect carburetor performance, (temperature, fuel, humidity,
altitude) and that it is nearly impossible to produce a single carburetor
for all conditions. Available through local hobby shops is Part
Number 1524 which consists of three differently tapered needles;
one of which should give you optimum results. Without a pressure
tank our test engine was very critical on tank position. A drop
of only a few inches had serious effect on performance. Should this
same condition be present in your J-R/C, get yourself a set of these
needles and experiment until best results are obtained with a pressurized
Internally, the J-R/C is fairly conventional, yet its designer has
gone all out to insure long engine life. The use of instrument,
precision ball bearings requires more care as to cleanliness but
this is repaid by the extended life built into them. The steel cylinder
is hardened by a special process that makes it tougher than hard
McEntee's "Kaydee III"
Last issue, data and plans for Intermediate R/C winner.
Herewith more pix. On aileron note lead balanced wire yoke.
Battery pack slide shows charging socket at near corner.
Angled double wire on stab is static balance. Tail wheel's
under its pivot point.
Because of. its self-lubricating properties, Meehanite
has come into prominence as a piston material in miniature engine
manufacturer. But to increase lubrication between cylinder and piston,
Johnson hit upon a rather ingenious method. By using an extremely
porous type of Swedish Scintered Meehanite the fuel and oil usually
trapped inside the piston is forced through its walls to the cylinder
barrel. To prevent a porous dome which would affect compression,
both the inside and the outside of the dome is impregnated with
a plastic composition which, when burned, forms a tough crust which
completely seals it. Five hours of running time is required for
the sealing process to take place. At the time of writing, life
tests of these engines were still going on. We're informed that
mills picked at random from the assembly line were still going after
304 hours continuous running .
The cylinder barrel with
its oversized intake port is a push-fit into a die-cast aluminum
crankcase. A die cast aluminum head with machined cooling fins employs
six Phillips head machine screws to hold it and the barrel securely
to the crankcase. Gaskets prevent leaks.
crankshaft is heavily counterbalanced. It utilizes a hollow crankpin
to further aid balancing. His rotary port is exceptionally large
- almost 1/2" square. Two Fafnir ball bearings are employed. A large
one, within the crankcase has 5/8" inside diameter contains 21 balls.
The smaller is mor3 conventional with 1/4" inside diameter and 5
Propeller drive is the friction type. An aluminum
split tapered collar hugs the crankshaft and the tapered inside
diameter of the aluminum drive washer when tightened by the prop
nut grips this collar and squeezes it snugly to the shaft. No prop
slippage was encountered during our test period.
rod is forged aluminum. Wrist pin is steel and padless. Crankcase
rear cover, die-cast aluminum, comes fitted with a removable pressure
tap. If a pressure tank is not required, a machine screw (supplied)
replaces the pressure tap fitting.
The secret to the broad
running speed range credited to the J-R/C is its AM-1 carburetor.
This automatically provides a proportioned mixture of fuel and air
throughout the entire speed spectrum. Found extremely reliable and
simple to adjust even while the engine is running, its actuating
arm may be rotated to any convenient position and then locked in
place. Full travel of the arm, from high to low speed, is approximately
Performance tests were conducted as soon as the
engine would run out a complete tank of fuel at full speed without
slowing down or showing any sign of overheating. This required a
little over 1 hour of 4 cycle running.
a Top Flite 11/6 our test engine hit 13,000 rpm and idled smoothly
at 1,800 rpm. An 11/4 and a 10/6 registered the same high of 14,500
rpm and low of 2,000 rpm. With a 9/6 nylon prop speed jumped to
just over 16,000 rpm as idling speed increased to 4,500 rpm.
At the end of the test period, the engine was disassembled and
inspected. No sign of wear was discernable. In fact, the piston
had not completely seated itself. A rather crusty residue had begun
to form on the piston dome but had not completely covered it. The
underneath portion of the dome was only partially uncrusted. From
this we conclude that when the dome becomes completely sealed full
compression ratio is reached and higher power results.
Bore .770; Stroke .770; Disp. .358; Compression ratio, 10.8:1; Weight,
9-oz. Manufacturer: Dynamic Models, Inc., 13755 Saticoy St., Van
Posted January 19, 2014
Even during the busiest times of my life I have endeavored to maintain
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through a lifelong involvement in model aviation, which
all began in Mayo, MD. There
is a lot of good information and there are lot
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