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Airplanes & Rockets

Kirt Blattenberger, Webmaster - Airplanes and Rockets

Kirt Blattenberger

Carpe Diem!

(Seize the Day!)

Even during the busiest times of my life I have endeavored to maintain some form of model building activity. This site has been created to help me chronicle my journey through a lifelong involvement in model aviation, which all began in Mayo, MD ...

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Kirt Blattenberger

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Here's a Flying "Broomstick" - Article & Plans

January 1941 Flying Aces

January 1941 Flying Aces

Flying Aces January 1941 - Airplanes and Rockets Table of Contents

These pages from vintage modeling magazines like Flying Aces, Air Trails, American Modeler, American Aircraft Modeler, Young Men, Flying Models, Model Airplane News, R/C Modeler, captured the era. All copyrights acknowledged.

You might expect this "Flying Broomstick" article to be about one of the many novelty witch-on-a-broomstick models that typically appear in September or October issues of model airplane magazines, but in this case it is simply a contest-worthy Class C rubber free flight job. The fuselage has a slight resemblance to an old wooden broomstick, but the similarity pretty much stops there. The hollow tubular fuselage made of rolled 1/16"' balsa holds 18 strands of rubber. Semi-elliptical shaped wings with a gull type dihedral give it unique look. Per designer / builder Kukuvich, "Flights of 2 min., 30 sec., are common in "dead air" and are accomplished without the help of risers."

Here's a Flying "Broomstick"

Author demonstrates the position in which his Class C stick job glides - Airplanes and Rockets

The author demonstrates the position in which his Class "C" stick job glides.

A queerly-named craft, no doubt, but it has plenty contest cleaning-up possibilities

by C. A. Kukuvich

We believe this gull-wing stick has every characteristic of a satisfactory contest model. The climb is very steep in a spiral-like fashion. At the peak of the climb, the model rights itself and goes into a long, flat glide.

Flights of 2 min., 30 sec., are common in "dead air" and are accomplished without the help of risers. The best single flight to date is 4 min. plus, which took place during a local contest, and the model did not fly outside the airport bounds.

The drawings presented are self-explanatory and no difficulty should be encountered in building this abbreviated "Flying Broomstick."

Fuselage "Stick"

The first thing to do when making the shell is to soak for several hours a 1/16" by 4" by 36" sheet of balsa in a bath tub filled with about 3" of lukewarm water. Place the sheet at the bottom of the tub and use water-filled glasses for weights.

After the stick is removed from its bath, wrap it around a form, either wood or metal, with an outside diameter of approximately 7/8". Then bind cloth tape (not friction or adhesive) over the balsa sheet to hold it in place while drying on the form. When the balsa is thoroughly dry, remove it from the form and cut the balsa "shell" into two pieces, one 30" long for the stick itself and the other 6" long for the wing mount saddle. Now cement the longer piece joint the full length of the stick. When the joint has dried satisfactorily, give the stick one coat of clear dope and then sand lightly. The stick is now ready for covering with 2 1/2" wide strips of tissue in a spiral-like fashion.

"Flying Broomstick" comes to earth after a flight of four minutes plus - Airplanes and Rockets

Like an exhausted bird, the "Flying Broomstick" comes to earth after a flight of four minutes plus. This is excellent time, considering that the flight was made without the aid of thermals.

Eighteen power strands housed within the shell of this graceful craft - Airplanes and Rockets

Eighteen power strands housed within the shell of this graceful craft give it plenty of power for high-altitude soaring.

Gull wings and wide prop blades add to the efficiency - Airplanes and Rockets

Gull wings and wide prop blades add to the efficiency of its flying characteristics.

Make the 2 1/2" wide strips of tissue by cutting up a large sheet. Apply the strips by doping and pressing firmly with your thumbs until the full length of the stick is covered. This type of stick construction is exceptionally strong and also quite light.

The stabilizer column mount and fin (which forms part of the rudder along the bottom of the stick) is made from 1/8" by 1" by 36" sheet, as shown on Plate 1. After shaping the stabilizer mount, cement two pieces of 1/16" by 1" by 2" balsa to the top of the mount to form a seat for the stabilizer. This is shown in the detail in Plate 1. Cement both the stabilizer mount and fin in their respective places on the stick.

The nose and tail plugs are made from individual blocks 3/4" by 1 1/4" by 1 1/2", which must be cut to shape to suit the stick. Cement 1/4" pieces of balsa, which are of the same size as the inside of the stick, to the backs of each plug, thus preventing them from turning when the power strands are wound for flight.

Bend the rubber hooks from 1/16" diameter piano wire and cement in place the one for the rear plug. The hook for the nose plug is laid aside until it can be fitted onto the prop and bent to shape.

To make a better bearing, a piece of aluminum or brass tubing 1/16" I.D. should be inserted in the nose.

Wing Construction

Cut ribs 1 to 19 from 1/16" soft balsa sheet. Then, spars numbered 29 and 30 are cut to shape from 1/8" sheet. Next, cut the trailing edges 33 and 34 from 1/32" sheet balsa.

After having formed all the parts necessary for the wing, make a full-size layout. When the layout has been completed, place a sheet of wax paper over the drawing to prevent the structure from sticking to it.

Lay the trailing edges, 33 and 34, in place and use a few pins to hold them down. Then pin down the spars, numbered 29 and 30 and cement all the ribs (with the exception of 1 and 7) in their respective places. Before gluing the ribs to the spars, be sure to pull the spars up into the rib cut-outs provided for them. Cement the 1/8" sq. balsa strips in place to form the leading edges.

The wing tips are made from a strip measuring 3/16" by 1" by 3" and are roughed out before cementing in place. Having allowed the wing structure to dry thoroughly, remove the four sections from the layout and add the proper amount of dihedral. Be sure to have the same amount of dihedral on each wing half. Next, cement ribs 1 and 7 in place and add 1/32" sheet, re-enforcing at the joint with liberal amounts of cement. When the dihedral joints are dry, add 1/32" sheet balsa covering to the bottom of the wing between ribs 1 and 7 in each half of the wing. Before applying the tissue covering, finish off the wing tips and the rest of the structure with fine sandpaper. The wing tips should continue, in a tapering manner, the outline of rib 19.

When covering the wing use red tissue for the section from ribs 7 to 1, then cover the section from ribs 1 to 19. After covering each half of the wing, top and bottom, pin down until dry to prevent possible warping. Spray the top of section rib 1 to 7 and pin down when drying to prevent warping. The bottom of section rib 1 to rib 7 need not be sprayed with water because when the tissue was applied over the 1/32" sheet balsa, dope was used over the full surface.

Give the entire wing two thin coats of clear dope to protect it from dampness and to give it more strength. The doping is done by applying it to one surface at a time. First dope the top section from rib 1 to rib 19 and pin down when drying. Then dope the bottom of the same section and pin down. Now dope the top of section from rib 1 to rib 7 and pin down to dry. Repeat this method of clear doping to each wing half twice.

The wing mount is made by cementing together two pieces of 1/4" balsa and then shaping it as shown on Plate 1. Now cement the mount to the wing, using glue liberally. When the cement joint between the wing and mount is dry, take the 6" piece of balsa "shell" and cement it to the bottom of the wing mount. Be sure that when the "shell" is opened and set over the stick the wing will line up properly. Before laying the wing aside, and after all the wing mount cement joints are dry, cover the 6" "shell" with tissue to give it flexibility.

Stabilizer and Rudder

Ribs 20 to 24 are made from the 1/16" soft balsa sheets. Cut spar 31 from 1/8" sheet balsa and the trailing edge number 32 from 1/32" sheet. Next, make a full-size layout of the stabilizer by scaling the drawing where dimensions are not given. Lay a sheet of waxed paper over the layout and lay spar 31 in position. Place the ribs in their respective positions and fit in trailing edge 32.

After having lined up the ribs properly, cement in place and add a 1/8" sq. balsa leading edge. The stabilizer tips are made from 1/4" balsa and are roughed out before attachment.

When the tips are cemented in place and the whole structure is dry, remove from the layout and cover the spars between ribs 20 with 1/32" sheet balsa. Then sand the whole structure with fine sandpaper and finish off the tips to suit.

Cover the stabilizer with two pieces of red tissue (one for each side of stabilizer) and water-spray. Be sure to pin down the whole stabilizer after spraying. When the tissue is dry, give the surfaces two coats of clear dope. Dope one side at a time and pin down on the board. Repeat the doping process and the stabilizer is finished.

The first thing to do when making the rudder is to cut ribs 25 to 28 from 1/16" soft sheet balsa. Make a full-size layout of the rudder by scaling off the drawing where dimensions are not given, then cut out the necessary outline from 1/16" sheet balsa. Place a sheet of waxed paper over the layout, set the ribs and the outline in position, pin down, and cement at all points of contact.

After the bare structure has dried, remove it from the layout and cover with red tissue, using the same procedure as in the case of the stabilizer. Give the rudder one coat of clear dope by brushing one side at a time.

When the rudder has been completed, cement it in place on the stabilizer and fill in the gap between rib 28 and the top surface of the stabilizer with scrap pieces of balsa. Finish by trimming off neatly. The corner which is formed by the rudder and top surface of the stabilizer, may be neatly filleted with scrap pieces of tissue.

Carving the Propeller

The propeller is a right-hand type and is made from a hard balsa block, 1 1/4" by 2 1/2" by 16". Layout the block, as shown on the drawing, and cut away the portions which are unnecessary to the prop itself. Care should be exercised in carving the prop and all bumps or hollows should be sanded out after carving. Remember that the prop is what makes or breaks the model as a contest ship.

After the bumps and hollows have been removed, give the prop several coats of clear dope and sand lightly between coats. Cover the blades with silk or tissue, as desired.

Now enlarge the hole in the center of the prop to take either aluminum or brass tubing. If free-wheeling is added, it is very essential for the airscrew to turn smoothly on the shaft. However, in the case of a folding prop, the important point is good alignment. The Garami free wheeling is a reliable type, which has been tried and tested many times.

Try the "Broomstick" under power, using a few turns to shirt off with, and adding more revs on each successive flight.

Flying Broomstick Plan Sheet 1 - Airplanes and Rockets

Flying Broomstick Plan Sheet 1

Flying Broomstick Plan Sheet 2 - Airplanes and Rockets

Flying Broomstick Plan Sheet 2

Flying Broomstick Plan Sheet 3 - Airplanes and Rockets

Flying Broomstick Plan Sheet 3

Notice:

The AMA Plans Service offers a full-size version of many of the plans show here at a very reasonable cost. They will scale the plans any size for you. It is always best to buy printed plans because my scanner versions often have distortions that can cause parts to fit poorly. Purchasing plans also help to support the operation of the Academy of Model Aeronautics - the #1 advocate for model aviation throughout the world. If the AMA no longer has this plan on file, I will be glad to send you my higher resolution version.

Try my Scale Calculator for Model Airplane Plans.

 

 

Posted October 2, 2021

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