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Air Progress: The Hawker Story
October 1950 Air Trails Hobbies for Young Men

October 1950 Air Trails
October 1950 Air Trails Cover - Airplanes and Rockets Table of Contents

These pages from vintage modeling magazines like Flying Aces, Air Trails, American Modeler, American Aircraft Modeler, Young Men, Flying Models, Model Airplane News, R/C Modeler, captured the era. All copyrights acknowledged.

Even when you are supremely talented as both an artist, researcher, and writer, as was Douglas Rolfe, producing the infographics, paintings, and articles like this 1950 Air Trails magazine piece for the "Air Progress: The Hawker Story" feature, requires an enormous amount of time and effort. Unlike today where most of the information (accurate or not) you want is available on the Internet, back in Rolfe's day, a library of books and magazines was needed to assimilate so much information on a single subject - in this case the lineage and evolution of the Hawker line of aircraft from its beginnings in 1912 under the name of Sopwith. In 1950, Hawker's newest airplane was the P-1050 jet (c1949), which followed Tempest (c1947) Typhoon (c1940), which became famous during World War II. Hawker merged with Siddeley (Hawker Siddeley Aircraft) in 1963. Their latest model is the Hawk (now BAE Systems), introduced in 1976.

Air Progress: The Hawker Story

Hawker Super-Fury - Airplanes and Rockets

Hawker Super-Fury Air-Born in 1933, this RAF Fighter was fastest plane of time. Top Speed, 252 MPH

By Douglas Rolfe

The Hawker name immediately suggests fighter planes in aviation circles. During World War I this British company produced more than 12,000 first class single-seat fighters, and managed to come up with at least two of the very best fighters in World War II. Founded in 1912 by T. O. M. Sopwith, a wealthy sportsman pilot, it was originally named the Sopwith Aviation Company. Associated with Sopwith were Fred Sigrist, designer, and Harry Hawker, test pilot. The latter, of course, is responsible for the name of the present firm.

From the very start the Sigrist-Sopwith-Hawker planes were notably superior to most contemporary design. The revolutionary Tabloid, an exceptionally clean single-bay strutted biplane may be truly regarded as the direct ancestor of all single-seat fighters up to the advent of the jet fighter. Some readers may recall the fabulous Camel, which with all its faults was probably the most maneuverable fighter produced during World War I. Most are apt to forget or not even know about the other successful Sopwith designs employed during this period. A few types are shown on these pages. Last design by the original Sopwith company was a special biplane in which Harry Hawker almost made the first nonstop transatlantic flight. He failed due to engine trouble, was rescued. The more important types developed under the now familiar Hawker label are displayed here on the right-hand page.

1912 First Sopwith Tractor Design Was remarkable for its unusually clean lines in an age when most airplanes were hardly more than crude powered kites.

Air Progress: The Hawker Story, October 1950 Air Trails - Airplanes and Rockets1912 Sopwith Bat Boat 90-H.P. Autro-Daimler engine. One of the few pusher types produced by this company, the Bat-Boat takes its place in air progress as the world's first genuine amphibian (the earlier Fabre "Amphibian" was not equipped with wheels - made float landing on open sandy beaches).

1915 Sopwith Pup 80-H.P. Le Rhone Rotary Engine. Max. speed 110 M.P.H. First of an unbroken line of Sopwith and Hawker single seat fighters, the Pup was devoid of vices, and an unusually sweet-flying aeroplane.

1916-18 Sopwith Camel Variously powered with rotary engines - ranging from the 110-H.P. Le Rhone up to the 230-H.P. Bentley B.R.2 - the Camel was noted for its extra-ordinary maneuverability, its excellent climb and its vicious habits in the hands of careless pilots. Max. speed was 124 M.P.H.

1918 Sopwith Snipe 230-H.P. B.R.2 rotary engine. Max. speed was 131 M.P.H. A modified version, the Salamander, was armored for low-level attack.

1918 Sopwith Cuckoo 200-H.P. Hispano-Suiza V-8 engine. World's first torpedo bomber specifically designed as such.

1913 Sopwith Tabloid 80-H.P. Gnome rotary engine Max Speed 92 M.P.H. The tabloid revolutionized all previous concepts of airplane performance and is the ancestor of all present-day single-seat piston-engined fighters.

1914 Sopwith Baby Also known as the Sopwith "Schneider" since the prototype won the 1914 Schneider Trophy Races. It was powered with either the 100-H.P. Monosoupape Gnome or the 110-H.P. Clerget Eng.

1916 Sopwith Tripe 130-H.P. Clerget rotary engine. Max. speed 123 M.P.H. It followed a vogue introduced by Fokker.

1917 Sopwith Dolphin 200-H.P. Hispano-Suiza vee-8 engine. Top speed 132 M.P.H.

1947 Hawker Tempest 2240 H.P. liquid-cooled 24-cylinder H-type Napier Sabre engine. Last and fastest of the piston-engine Hawker fighters. Max. speed 392 M.P.H. at sea level - 435 M.P.H. at 17,500 feet. An earlier version of the Tempest was used with considerable success during the latter part of World War 2 to combat the V-1 Buzz-Bombs.

1936 Hawker Fury 745-H.P. Rolls-Royce Kestrel Engine. Last and fastest of the numerous Fury models it was also the last biplane fighter from the Hawker stable. Built for export it had a maximum speed of 252 M.P.H.

1926 Hawker Hornbill 700-H.P. Rolls-Royce Condor V-12 engine. - Max. speed 196 M.P.H. - First of the high speed Hawker biplanes which culminated in the Fury design shown immediately above this ship.

1949 Hawker P-1052 Latest Hawker jet fighter. Rolls-Royce Nene jet engine. One of these aircraft flew from London to Paris (May 1939) in 20 minutes - an average speed of 618 M.P.H.

1940 Hawker Typhoon 2,240-H.P. Napier engine. Max. speed 416 M.P.H. It was one of the most formidable fighters of World War No. 2.

1935 Hawker f-36 34 (Prototype Hurricane). 1025-H.P. Rolls-Royce Merlin engine. Max. speed 325 M.P.H. The Hurricane made history during the Battle of Britain.

1929 Hawker Hornet 450-H.P. Rolls-Royce F-XI engine. An in-between step from the Hornbill to the first (1933) fury. Max. speed was 214 M.P.H. at 10,000 feet - with 350 less H.P. than the Hornbill!

1925 Hawker Cygnet 32-H.P. Bristol Cherub engine. This two-place ultra-lightplane, lik most Hawker designs, was a thoroughly good airplane.

1923 Hawker Duiker 400-H.P. Bristol Jupiter engine. This 2-seat Army liaison plane was one of the first designs produced under the now world-famous Hawker label.



Posted May 4, 2024

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