It was a lot of work to put together a radio control model of any
sort in 1953, but the complexity of this paddlewheel model boat
seems excessive. It claims, through careful consideration and design,
to have overcome to main two obstacles of entering the remote control
model realm - a need to possess expert modeling skills and a need
to possess an amateur radio operator license. Obstacle one is (ostensibly)
overcome through simple boat and electronics construction, and obstacle
two is overcome through use of a radio that operates in the unlicensed
Citizens band. I'll give them the second, but at least to today's
ARF and RTF hobbyist population, the first is still way beyond the
ability of most enthusiasts. You're probably tired of hearing it
if you read my notes often, but the fundamental lack in hands-on
craftsmen in the country (all countries) is pretty pathetic. Evidently
such abilities aren't required for society to progress... but that
depends on your definition of progress.
Model Boat for the 27
mc. Citizens Band
By Hartland B. Smith, W8VVD
Here it is! A "Citizens Band"
radio control system, easy to build, simple to operate, and no license
Remote control of model planes and boats is a facet of radio
which has long intrigued many hams and experimenters. However, two
factors have kept most fellows from taking up this branch of the
hobby. In the first place, as each succeeding article on the subject
has appeared in contemporary publications, the models, the radio
gear, or both have become more and more complicated. Secondly, the
possession of a radio operator's license has been a prerequisite
to the operation of radio control equipment. Since a large number
of licensed hams aren't expert model makers and since many model
makers lack operator's licenses, only a few people have so far had
the opportunity of experimenting with radio control systems.
Fig. 1. The "River King" ready for launching. Switches
on the bow are for receiver and motors.
The "River King" was designed expressly to meet these two problems.
It requires no particular skill to construct and uses a simple one-tube
receiver. Any U.S. citizen over 18 can, without taking a technical
exam, obtain the necessary Citizens Radio station license for the
Although the FCC's rules governing the Citizens
Radio Service have allowed radio control on the 460-470 mc. band
since June 1, 1949, the equipment specifications for these frequencies
have been so stringent that only commercial transmitters have been
practical up to now. A recent amendment to the rules, however, has
opened the door to inexpensive home-built gear operating on 27.255
mc. Transmitters using this new frequency are designated as "Class
C" Citizens Radio Stations and, when registered with the FCC, may
be used without an operator's license. The owner takes out a license
for the equipment by a fairly simple procedure outlined toward the
end of this article.
Unless a fellow is a dyed-in-the-wool model maker, he finds it hard
enough to build an airplane that looks like a plane, let alone flies.
On the other hand, almost any piece of wood will float. Thus, a
model boat appears to be a logical beginner's choice for a radio
control project. Since a flat bottomed hull with no complicated
curves to cut makes for easy modeling, a side-wheel river steamer
using this type of hull is a suitable prototype from which an approximate
copy may be constructed.
Fig. 2. The 27-mc. "Citizens Band" transmitter, built
in a 3"x4"x5" utility box. The batteries are also housed
in this box.
The one-tube superregenerative
receiver used in the boat is designed around a Raytheon type RK-61
subminiature gas triode. With the exception of the plate relay,
all receiver parts are standard and can be readily obtained from
any well-stocked jobber.
The plate relay I used came from
a surplus BC-645 and was originally sealed in a cylindrical can
with a 5-prong plug. After being removed from its housing the relay
was mounted on top of the receiver chassis. If you can't locate
one of these relays, I would suggest that you obtain an 8000 ohm
Sigma type 4F. The latter is still available quite reasonably on
the surplus market.
The RK-61 has tinned leads in place
of base pins. It can be held in place with a small clamp and the
leads may then be soldered directly into the circuit. Use a clean,
hot, well-tinned iron, preferably one with a small tip. Do the job
neatly but as quickly as possible so that too much heat will not
be conducted into this small tube.
The receiver filament
switch, S1 and motor switch, S2 are mounted
on the deck, forward of the cabin, and can be operated without removing
the superstructure. Two switches are used so that the receiver and
motors may be run independently. It is difficult to make precise
receiver adjustments while the paddle wheels are revolving.
The smoke stack, an 18" length of 3/4" aluminum tubing, acts
as a receiving antenna. While much shorter than a resonant 11-meter
antenna, it picks up enough signal to produce reliable model response
several hundred feet from the small transmitter to be described.
Greater antenna length will increase the working range of the model,
but there seems little point in operating the device very far from
the observer. After all, most of the enjoyment in running the boat
comes from being able to watch it maneuver. Beyond two hundred feet,
it looks pretty small.
Fig. 3. Construction details of the
"River King" radio-controlled river boat. The superstructure is
thin balsa wood. the hull 1/4" plywood and the deck Masonite. The
tall aluminum "smokestack" acts as the antenna for the receiver
in the hull.
The electrical circuits and mechanical
linkages used in many radio control systems are quite complex. Transmitters
sometimes utilize intricate modulators and keyers which send out
specially coded signals that must be translated by the receiver
into the proper model maneuver. Actually, it is possible to obtain
several different and interesting model responses by merely turning
a transmitter carrier on and off.
Examination of Fig. 6 will reveal that the plate relay of the receiver
acts as a s.p.d.t. switch. Since the receiver's plate current drops
when a signal is picked up, if the transmitter is on, the relay
is open and contact Y receives 1 1/2 volts via the relay armature.
When the transmitter is switched off, the receiver plate current
increases and the relay closes. Contact X then receives 1 1/2 volts.
Relay contact X is connected to finger 1 and contact Y to finger
3 of the rotary selector switch. One lead of the selector switch
motor is grounded. The other lead runs to finger 2 on the selector
switch. When the transmitter goes on, the switch motor circuit is
completed via the relay armature, relay contact Y, finger 3, a segment
on the selector disc, and finger 2. The switch motor receives power
and the selector disc turns. It can only go a little way, though,
because the connection between fingers 2 and 3 is soon broken due
to the shape of the segment on the selector disc.
Fig. 4. Pattern for the rotary stepping switch in
the receiver. The base is 1/4" plywood, 5" in diameter.
The switch segments (shaded areas) are thin sheet metal
A 1/4" hole is drilled in the center for the shaft, which
also drives rudder crank.
Fig. 5. Top view of the hull, with the superstructure removed.
Placement of parts can vary according to materials on hand,
but weight should be evenly distributed and heavy items
such as batteries kept low in the hull. The paddle shalt
is made from two 1/4" carriage bolts. At extreme right is
the old dial pointer used as coupling between the rudder
and the slotted "tiller:" which is about 4 1/8" long and
is driven by a homemade crank on the selector switch shalt.
Both the rudder and selector switch shafts and bearings
are made from old Volume controls.
voltage is removed from the transmitter the relay closes and the
switch motor is again energized, this time via contact X, finger
1, a different selector segment, and finger 2. The selector disc
turns until finger's 1 and 2 are no longer connected with one another
through the disc segment. This time when the disc stops, fingers
4, 5, 6, and 7 make contact with segments which connect the paddle
motor to battery, B4. Depending on what polarity voltage
is applied to this motor by the arrangement of the segments, the
paddles will drive the boat either forward or backward. If no segments
are in this particular position, the paddle motor, of course, stops.
At the same time the selector disc turns, the steering arm also
turns, thereby changing the rudder position (see Fig. 5).
With the segment layout shown in Fig. 4, there are six possible
maneuvers: 1. Forward straight. 2. Stop. 3. Forward port (left).
4. Reverse straight. 5. Forward starboard (right.) 6. Stop. This
arrangement is sufficient to provide a great deal of entertainment
while maintaining a relatively simple system. The sequence of operations
is such that when going from one desired maneuver to another, the
undesired positions through which the selector must pass have little
effect on the action of the craft. For example, in going from forward
straight to forward starboard, it is necessary to go through positions
2, 3, and 4. At 2 the paddles stop. At 3 the paddles start to go
forward, but before they can pick up speed, they are reversed by
position 4. Position 5, the one desired, is reached long before
the boat starts to back. A time delay circuit could be used to keep
the paddles at rest until the selector is in position for the desired
maneuver. However, this would be a rather unnecessary complication
as each following position more or less nullifies the previous action.
Inspection of Fig. 4 will show that a small portion of the
selector switch must be covered with insulating material to avoid
shorting the switch contacts as that portion is reached. Scotch
tape was used in this model, but if any difficulty occurs with the
tape cracking, or the switch fingers tracking adhesive out from
under the tape, a few thin coats of polystyrene coil dope or radio
service cement can be used instead, if they are allowed to dry sufficiently.
The BC-645 relay is not quite so sensitive as one of the
usual radio control types. Nevertheless, if it is adjusted carefully,
it will perform very well. In order to correctly set the relay,
it is necessary to insert a low range milliammeter in series with
the "B-plus" lead of the receiver. First, contact X, the one which
controls the spacing between the armature and the pole piece, should
be adjusted so that when the relay is energized, the armature just
clears the pole piece. If the armature-pole piece spacing is too
great, the sensitivity of the relay will be low, while if the armature
touches the pole piece, it is apt to stick when the relay is de-energized.
Next, the pull-in and drop-out range should be checked.
With "A" and "B" voltages applied to the receiver, advance the regeneration
control until the relay can be heard to snap closed, then back off
on the control until the relay clicks open. The current difference
between pull in and drop out should be no greater than .2 ma, If
it is, the spacing between the relay points should be reduced. The
relay should close at approximately 1.0 ma. and open at around .8
ma. If more current is required to close the relay, the spring tension
should be reduced. If it closes at less than 1.0 ma., the spring
tension should be increased. With a more sensitive relay, the pull-in
and drop-out range may easily be set to a variation of only .1 ma.,
thus resulting in somewhat greater control sensitivity.
process of relay adjustment is not difficult, but you should keep
the following points in mind: 1. As soon as the armature-pole piece
spacing is set, do not change the position of contact X. Make all
changes in contact gap spacing by varying the position of contact
Y. 2. Never advance the regeneration control beyond the point where
plate current exceeds 1.5 ma., otherwise the life of the RK-61 will
be materially reduced.
As soon as the relay is properly
adjusted, the receiver can be tuned up. Advance the regeneration
control, R2, until plate current is between 1.1 and 1.2
ma. The relay will act as a miniature loudspeaker and should give
forth with the characteristic squeal of a superregenerator. Have
someone operate the transmitter at a distance of at least 100 feet.
Tighten antenna coupling condenser, C1 fairly well and
then adjust C2 until the receiver is tuned to the transmitter's
frequency as evidenced by a dip in plate current, accompanied by
the opening of the relay and a lack of superregenerative squeal.
C1 should then be readjusted, to find the smallest capacity
that gives positive relay operation when the transmitter is switched
The no-signal receiver current should be set slightly
under 1.2 ma. From time to time as the RK-61 ages, C1
and the regeneration control will require touching up. When the
tube is reaching its limit of usefulness, an idling current of as
much as 1.6 ma, may be required to obtain positive pull in action
with no signal. Rated life of an RK-61 is between 3 and 10 hours.
However, if the idling current is held in the vicinity of 1.2 ma.
for as long as possible, the tube will probably last somewhat longer.
The dimensions of the boat are not very critical. The "River
King" was my first attempt at marine architecture and it can definitely
be improved upon in both appearance and sea-worthiness. For example,
another 3/4" added to the depth of the hull would allow the use
of heavier, longer-lived batteries.
The hull is made
of 1/4" plywood (see Fig. 3). The various pieces can be cut out
with either a power or hand scroll saw and then fastened together
with waterproof glue such as Cascophen. The glue must be applied
very liberally and after it sets, all joints should be smeared with
an extra coat, thereby insuring watertight joints. It is a good
idea to give the inside of the hull a coat of spar varnish so that
if it accidentally gets wet, it won't absorb water. The deck may
be cut from a piece of 1/8" Masonite and then glued to the hull.
The exterior should receive two applications of enamel undercoat
and one of high grade enamel.
The boat is powered by a midget
plastic-cased motor designed to operate from ordinary flashlight
Fig. 6. Wiring diagram of the receiver, motors,
and selector switch contact fingers. The receiver is built on a
small "U" chassis which may be homemade and is mounted in the bow.
are mounted up on deck. See Figs. 7 and 8.
motors are on sale at toy and model supply stores and are priced
from $1.50 to $2.00 apiece. Despite a rating of only 1/2000 horsepower,
one of these little motors is capable of propelling a model boat
at greater than scale speed.
A similar motor drives the selector switch that controls both the
direction of paddle rotation and the rudder position. This motor,
M2, is mounted vertically
in the stern (see Fig. 5). The rotating disc portion of the selector
is made from a piece of 1/4" plywood, 5" in diameter. It must be
carefully cut to shape and a groove filed in the edge to receive
the rubber band that acts as a drive belt. The shaft and bearing
of the selector can be adapted from an old Volume control. The control
should be dismantled until all that remains is the shaft and its
associated panel bushing. This is then fastened to a U-shaped bracket
cut from sheet aluminum and the bracket is screwed to a small piece
of wood previously glued to the hull. Put a hole in the center of
the selector disc with a 1/4" drill and press the disc onto the
old Volume control shaft. If the disc fits too loosely, one or two
applications of service cement to the edges of the hole will reduce
its size sufficiently to stop the disc from slipping on the shaft.
A spacer bushing keeps the disc at the proper height with respect
to the switch motor's shaft.
Fig. 7. Bottom view of the receiver. The RK-61 tube, which
has no socket, is mounted along the centerline of chassis.
Fig. 8. Top view of the receiver. The relay shown is from
a surplus BC-645 but other types may be substituted (see
Fig. 9. (A) Selector switch shaft and bearing assembly,
taken from an old Volume control. (B) Adjustable brake for
the rotary selector switch. (C) One of the contact fingers.
Length is approximate. (D) Faraday shield for the transmitter.
Since a Volume control bearing
operates smoothly, it is quite likely that the selector disc may
coast from one segment to another, thus going past a desired position.
This overshoot problem can be minimized by increasing the pressure
of the contact fingers against the disc or by constructing the brake
shown in Fig. 9B. Tighten the top nut on the brake only enough to
keep the disc from coasting too far. Otherwise, the selector motor
will be overloaded and may, at times, lack sufficient power to rotate
The segments of the selector disc can be fashioned
from thin sheet metal. I used heavy copper foil picked up at a surplus
store. After the segments have been cut to proper shape, fasten
them to the disc with radio service cement. The contact fingers
for my switch were cut from the same copper as the segments. Use
any metal which is thin and fairly springy.
act as drive belts for both the paddles and the selector disc. No
pulleys are required on the motor shafts since the rubber bands
are kept in alignment by grooves in the edges of the selector disc
and the paddle shaft pulley. The latter item, by the way, was originally
a part of the dial mechanism from an old radio. A pulley cut out
of 1/4" plywood should work just as well.
The paddle wheels
are made from 3" discs of 1/4" plywood. Eight radial slots 3/4"
long are cut in the discs at regular intervals as shown in Fig.
3A, and 1" by 2 1/4" pieces of aluminum are forced into the slots.
Cascophen or radio service cement should be daubed on the ends of
the paddles so that they will adhere to the slots. The paddle shaft
is made from two 1/4" carriage bolts, the heads of which have been
cut off, the two bolts then being fastened together with a 1/4"
shaft coupler. The paddle wheels have 1/4" holes drilled in the
center and are held in place on the threaded ends of the shaft bolts
between nuts and washers. The shaft bearings are simply 1/4" holes
drilled in two aluminum brackets that support the paddle assembly.
The shaft is held in position between the bearings by means of brass
collars fastened to the shaft with set screws.
bearing, salvaged from another discarded Volume control, is mounted
on a small, L-shaped bracket at the rear of the hull. A piece of
lightweight galvanized iron is cut into the shape of a rudder and
is soldered to what was originally the potentiometer end of the
shaft. An old dial pointer is fastened to the other end of the shaft.
The slotted arm, or "tiller," actuated by the rudder crank of the
selector switch is, in turn, soldered to the dial pointer (see Fig.
5). If no suitable dial pointer is readily available you can, of
course, cut out a small sheet-metal tab, with a 14" hole for the
rudder shaft, and go on from there. The slot in the "tiller" is
about 4 1/8" long. The crank arm is about 1 3/4''' between the center
of the selector shaft and the center of the screw-and-nut or whatever
you use as a drive pin or "handle." The dimensions of these three
items are not critical. The old Volume-control shaft will, of course,
have to be long enough so that the crank and swinging tiller will
clear the top of the wood or plastic strip that holds the selector
A superstructure must be built to hide the works
of the model. The cabin and pilot house are cut from lengths of
1/16" by 3" balsa wood, and then fastened together with radio service
cement (see Fig. 3). It is absolutely necessary that balsa be used,
otherwise the cabin will weigh too much and will make the boat top-heavy.
Balsa may be purchased in strip form at almost any store selling
model airplane supplies. It is easily worked, the only tool required
being a sharp razor blade.
Both the hull and superstructure
are finished with a good grade of white enamel. The deck, cabin
roof, and pilot house roof are painted gray. Doors and windows may
be drawn on heavy paper with India ink, cut out and then applied
to the cabin with rubber cement. A hole in the roof allows the cabin
to be slipped down over the smoke stack. The superstructure merely
sits on the deck and may easily be removed for making receiver adjustments.
Since the motors used in the "River King" are very small, it is
important that little power be wasted in friction. Make certain
that all bearing surfaces are kept well oiled. The fingers and segments
of the selector switch, as well as the points of the receiver relay
must be kept very clean. Apply a little carbon tet to them at regular
intervals. Steer clear of any kind of contact dope, though, because
it will pick up dust and dirt, thus resulting in unreliable selector
Fig. 10. Remote selector switch for use with an 11-meter
amateur transmitter. A key or toggle switch may be used
Fig. 11. The ham-rig switch of Fig. 10. It is turned
counter clockwise to control the receiver selector switch
on the boat.
Fig. 12. All transmitter parts are mounted on one cover
of a 3"x4"x5" utility box. The tube sockets mount on L-shaped
brackets. Holes should be drilled in the case opposite C1,
C4, and C6 for adjustment alter the
cover is fastened to the box.
The Citizens Radio Service transmitter, designed
as a companion for this receiver (Fig. 13), will operate either
on the Citizens Service frequency or in the amateur band 26.960-27.230
mc., depending on the crystal used and your license privileges.
If you are already lucky enough to be the owner of an 11-meter amateur
mobile transmitter, you have little reason to build a whole new
rig just for radio control purposes. All you have to do is connect
a switch in series with the ground leads to the cathodes of the
r.f. tubes as shown in Fig. 10. Although a telegraph key or toggle
switch might be used, a rotary switch is superior, because it gives
a visual indication of the various ship maneuvers. As long as the
switch is not rotated too rapidly, and in a counter clockwise direction,
the selector disc on the boat and the switch knob will stay in sync.
Should the two get out of step for any reason, a toggle switch in
series with the rotary switch may be opened and the knob set to
the position corresponding to the maneuver being performed by the
boat. Such a switch is shown in the remote-control switch box, Figs.
10 and 11. It is not included in the self-powered Citizens Band
transmitter, because the transmitter can be turned off to reset
the selector switch and turned right on again, as the 3V4's require
no warm-up time.
One precaution must be observed when adapting
a mobile rig to radio control. Be sure to key both the oscillator
and the final. Otherwise there is a possibility that some r.f. energy
will be radiated, even though the final is off. The superregenerative
receiver is very sensitive and the slightest amount of r.f. leakage
from the transmitter will keep the relay from operating properly.
In those cases where no amateur mobile rig is available,
it will be necessary to construct a special radio control transmitter.
For greatest convenience and portability, dry battery operation
is a "must." Since no great distances are to be covered, only small
power output is required. At first thought it might appear that
a one tube crystal oscillator would perform the job satisfactorily.
However, there seems to be no easy way to obtain adequate power
from any of the common 1.4-volt filament tubes when used as oscillators
with 11-meter overtone crystals. Even the simplest transmitter for
27 mc. appears to require a minimum of two tubes.
circuit I tried employed a crystal near 6800 kc., doubled in the
oscillator and also doubled in the final.
was obtained on 27 mc., and since a low frequency crystal is much
cheaper than one of the over-tone type, the circuit looked quite
promising. That is, until a check with an all-wave receiver revealed
that the transmitter's output in the vicinity of the twenty-meter
amateur band was less than 30 db below the 27 mc. output. Consequently
this particular circuit failed to meet the technical requirements
for Class C Citizens Radio Stations, which state that spurious emissions
must be at least 40 db down.
The transmitter finally evolved
is diagrammed in Fig. 13. It uses a 3V4 as a 27 mc. overtone crystal
oscillator and a 3V4 amplifier. Checks show that when the 27 mc.
signal is 30 db over S9, the 54 mc. output is so low that it fails
to move the needle of an SX-71 receiver's "S" meter, thus easily
meeting the FCC's requirements. There are two main factors which
hold the harmonic output to such a low level. The amplifier is operated
with only a little more than "Class A" bias, and a Faraday shield
(Fig. 9D) reduces capacity coupling between the final tank and the
All transmitter parts are mounted on the front
cover of a 3" by 4" by 5" metal utility box, as shown in Fig. 12.
Paint should be scraped from the inside of the covers and from the
edges of the box so that good electrical contact will be maintained.
Fig. 13. Schematic of the Citizens Band
transmitter. Switch S2
turns the carrier on and off. The receiver selector switch moves
one position each time a carrier signal is received. If the transmitter
and receiver switches fall out of step, the transmitter can be turned
off and S2
reset to the boat's present maneuver.
fits into a miniature socket made by sawing in half the dual crystal
socket from a BC-746A tuning unit. Of course, any small FT-243-type
socket may be used, such as the Cinch-Jones #2 KM. unit. The tube
sockets are fastened to the panel with small L-shaped brackets.
A pilot bulb in series with the antenna coil gives an indication
of output current. It is merely pressed into a rubber grommet in
the front panel. No socket is employed, leads being soldered directly
to the base of the bulb. The oscillator and amplifier trimmer condensers
are soldered to the panel. Two ceramic feedthrough insulators support
the 36" telescoping antenna, as shown in Fig. 2, the bottom insulator
being used to feed the transmitter's output via C6.
An Eveready 490 or Burgess N60 "B" battery will fit into
the box and still leave room for a single small flashlight cell
to supply filament power. Regular snap-on connectors are used with
the "B" battery while a clip-type holder constructed from pieces
of aluminum makes for easy "A" battery replacement. The self-tapping
screws supplied with the 3" by 4" by 5" box should be removed from
the back cover. Replace them with short 6-32 machine screws and
nuts. Otherwise, the sharp points of the self tapping screws may
work their way into the "B" battery and ruin it. A square of corrugated
cardboard used as a buffer between the rear of the transmitter and
the batteries will keep the latter from flopping around inside the
box. Despite its small size, the life of the "B" battery should
be quite long because it furnishes current only when a command is
Adjustment of the transmitter is very simple.
If you are a ham and plan to employ the 11-meter amateur band, you
can make use of the simple instructions which follow. On the other
hand, if you expect to operate the transmitter as a "Class C" Citizens
Radio Station, the adjustments will have to be made by someone holding
a commercial operator's license.
Preliminary tests are made
with the front cover removed from the box so a temporary jumper
should be run from the cover to the box in order to complete the
filament circuit. A milliammeter is then hooked in series with the
"B-plus" lead going to the tap switch. Turn on the filaments, make
sure the tap switch is on a live spot and note the plate current.
If it exceeds 25 ma., the chances are that the crystal is not oscillating.
Adjust C1 until a point is reached where the current
drops sharply, denoting crystal oscillation. C4
should be tuned from minimum to maximum capacity. Somewhere in this
range, the milliammeter will show a small dip, probably not more
than a mil or so. Set C4 at this point of minimum current.
Pull the antenna out to its full length and tune C6
for maximum brilliance of the pilot bulb. When the transmitter is
operating correctly, total plate current will be in the neighborhood
of 20 ma. and the bulb should glow brightly. Attach the cover and,
through holes drilled in the case, readjust C4 and C6
to maximum bulb brightness. C1 should then be tightened
as much as possible. However, if it is set too tightly, the crystal
will oscillate erratically, on the wrong frequency, or it may not
start at all as the tap switch is rotated. Choose a setting where
the bulb lights just as soon as the tap switch hits a live contact.
Finally, the carrier frequency must be checked. If the unit
is to work in the 11-meter amateur band all one has to do is make
sure that the output appears somewhere in that band. When the transmitter
operates as a "Class C" Citizens Station, however, a very critical
frequency check must be made. The FCC requires that the carrier
be within .04% of 27.255 mc. According to my slide rule, this is
a deviation of not more than 10.9 kc. Actually, the transmitter
should be much closer to the assigned frequency in order to allow
for temperature variations, etc. which can crop up in normal use.
Although no operator's license is required for Citizens
Band equipment, a Citizens Radio Station license must be obtained
by completing FCC Form 505 and mailing it to the nearest Commission
field office. Before filing Form 505, it will pay you to read carefully
Part 19 of the Commission's "Rules Governing the Citizens Radio
Service." You can obtain it from the Superintendent of Documents,
Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C. for ten cents in
I've had a great deal of pleasure from the "River
King. If you decide to build and operate a similar model, you, too,
can look forward to many hours of fun. And don't overlook the fact
that a Citizens Station may be operated by anyone, provided he has
permission from the licensee. Youngsters, especially, get a kick
out of putting the boat through its paces. Maybe you can go in partnership
with your son or younger brother - he to build the boat, you to
wire the radio equipment. No matter how you go about it, try a radio-controlled
model. I know you'll find the effort worthwhile.
William L.; "Radio Control of Model Boat," RADIO & TELEVISION
NEWS, August 1950.
Ford, Walter B.; "A Six Foot Radio-Controlled
Model Boat," RADIO & TELEVISION NEWS, July 1951.
Howard G.; "Proportional Radio Control," RADIO & TELEVISION
NEWS, September 1951.
MacNabb, Vernon C.; "Radio Control
on the Citizens Band," RADIO & TELEVISION NEWS, March 1952.
Good, Walter A. & Good, William E.; "Receivers tor Radio-Controlled
Models," QST, September 1951.
Lawson, Harry W., Jr.; "A
Radio-Control System for Models," QST, February 1952.
Edward L., Jr.; "Model Control by Radio," Gernsback Library No.
43, Radiocraft Publications, Inc., New York.
Posted June 1, 2013
Vintage Popular Electronics Magazine Articles
Robot Helicopter, November 1956
Model Boat for the 27 mc. Citizens Band , March 1953 Radio & Television News
the Power - R/C Plane, January 1955
R/C Batteries, July 1955
- 3 and 4 Finger
R/C Escapements, January 1955
- Radio Control
of Models, October 1954
- The R/C Cloud, February 1960
Control Installations, February 1955
Escapements & Servos, February 1955
- Flying the R/C
Plane, December 1954
- The Lorenz
Transmitter, December 1954