March 1955 edition of Air Trails magazine, a mere decade past the
end of World War II, did a short feature on 9 of the Union of Soviet
Socialist Republic (USSR) Air Force's Air Force's most important airplanes.
Description and role for each model is brief. Line drawings are provided.
You might want to add a little color with a graphics editor and print out
the image to use as a poster.
Air Progress Soviet Air Force Latter Day Types
By Douglas Rolfe
U-Yak-15. The Yak-15 was first operational Red jet fighter and has
now been modified as shown to act as a two-place jet trainer. Powered with
a 2,000 hp plus jet engine.
Yak-21 rocket interceptor is an only
slightly modified version of the original German Me 163. Chief difference
appears to lie in the tail unit.
MIG-15 bis. All-weather version
of the standard Korean MiG. Radar-equipped and said to employ a liquid-fuel
rocket assist mounted under fuselage.
MIG-17. All-weather fighter
reputed to be most recent development of MiG-15 type. Long nose houses radar
equipment. Four 23 or 30-mm cannon.
La-17. One of the more recent
Red jet attack planes. Two-man crew, four 23 or 30-mm cannon.
is even less known about Soviet air power following World War II than during
pre-war period covered last month. One thing is certain: thanks to advanced
designs - British as well as German - and designers that were captured at
war's end, the Russians are in first ranks as regards jet aircraft. Probably
the only operational jet whose details are known to outside world Is the
MIG-15 - now already a back number. Their latest swept-wing bombers, unveiled
at the 1954 May Day fly-by, cannot be illustrated in detail nor evaluated
with any accuracy; the West lust doesn't know much about them. (Their appearance,
however, indicates the Reds have switched emphasis to the global bomber.)
The aircraft depicted on these pages have been carefully selected from known
types in actual operational service and those reported to be, along with
a couple of the earlier types that came out just after the war.
Il-38. New swept-wing turbo-prop global bomber. Has radar bomb control equipment,
is somewhere between Boeing B-47 and Boeing B-52 in size. This type only
U-Il-28. Training version of a twin-jet attack
bomber: night intruder version also exists. Both are equipped with radar,
armed with cannon in nose and tail. Each engine develops approximately 5500
lbs. of thrust, speed around 600 mph.
Il-16. Four-jet medium bomber
(above) also betrays marked German influence. It was probably first test
flown between 1947 and 1948. Tu-70 (below). Most recent version of designer
Tupolev's copy of basic B-29. Comes as both bomber, transport.
Posted October 12, 2013