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"Heavier-than-air flying machines are impossible." Lord Kelvin, 1895

In order to provide for a reasonable homepage loading time, it is impractical to just keep adding items to the top of the stack and keep all the old stuff there too. Therefore, I have created these Airplanes and Rockets Homepage Archives to maintain a historical snapshot of everything once on the homepage. Unfortunately, I did not think to keep a record until around Fall of 2009; I had just been deleting items from the bottom of the stack. No more, though. Hence forth, if you recall seeing something on the homepage but it is no longer there, please check out these archive pages. I also keep an archive of all the modeling news additions:

Homepage Additions Archive:

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Modeling News Archive:

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Tower Hobbies Homepage Screenshot: November 1999

Tower Hobbies Homepage Screenshot November 1999 (archive.org) - RF CafeIf you are a nostalgia buff, go over to the Archive.org website and enter the URL of a website whose early pages you would like to see. This one here is a November 1999 version of Tower Hobbies' site. At the time, you needed to spend at least $199.99 to get $10 off your order; today it only takes $99. There were no electric foamies, brushless motors, 2.4 GHz radios, or drones! Remember the America's Hobby Center ads from some of the earliest modeling magazines?

NASA Tests 'the New Concorde'

NASA Tests 'the New Concorde' - Airplanes and Rockets"NASA has wind tunnel tested the futuristic aircraft dubbed 'the new Concorde.' The revolutionary Quiet Supersonic Technology (QueSST) project is aiming to create a jet that can break the 767mph sound barrier. Space boffins from the U.S. space agency have joined forces with Lockheed Martin to work on the ambitious project. Engineer Charles Bolden hopes the jets will one day ferry passengers across the Atlantic in half the time of a conventional aircraft. Currently it takes a commercial airliner around ..."

The Ultimate Airsoft Guide: 18,657+ Words of Top MVP Intel

The Ultimate Airsoft Guide, by Liam Matthews - Airplanes and RocketsAs with most other areas of sports and hobbies, the state of the art in technology has advanced considerably in the last decade or two. Such is the case with those Daisy 'Soft Air' (aka Airsoft) rubber pellet guns we pre-special-snowflakes had as kids. They were simple spring-loaded, single-shot pistols and rifles with an effective range of 30-40 feet - child's play (literally) compared to today's just-short-of-deadly hardware. Li-Po-driven spring and compressed gas mechanisms provide fully automatic operation that is so close to 'the real thing' that military and police forces train for close-quarters scenarios with them. Liam Matthews has one of the most extensive websites covering every aspect of Airsoft, so if you're interested ...

Ford Motor Company Advertisement

Ford Motor Company Advertisement, December 1935 Boys' Life - Airplanes and RocketsBy the end of 1935, according to this full-page advertisement in Boys' Life magazine, Henry Ford's automobile company had built 23 million cars and trucks. Ford Motor Company was founded in 1903 - 32 years earlier- so the average production rate was a little over 4½ million per year. 2 million of them were powered by the V8 flathead engine, which had just been introduced in 1932. As with radios, flying machines, electric lights, and indoor plumbing, every new innovation was considered ...

Russia Making Super-Heavy Ground-Effect Transportation Vehicle

Russia Making Super-Heavy Ground-Effect Transportation Vehicle - Airplanes and Rockets"Most aircraft that take off do not lift straight into the air once their wheels come off the ground. Instead, for just a moment, they float just barely above the ground. The reason being is to make use of ground effect. An aircraft flies by generating lift and directing airflow towards the ground. In open space (higher in the atmosphere) the high pressure from below the wing dissipates into ..."

Ship Progress, July 1954 Air Trails

Ship Progress, July 1954 Air Trails - Airplanes and RocketsAir Trails magazine ran a regular featured titled "Air Progress" that documented the evolution of various classes of airplanes and helicopters. Occasionally, they would also run "Rocket Progress," "Auto Progress," and, less frequently, "Ship Progress." Here, Mr. Staab presents an array or warships ranging from a primitive log dugout to a modern day (for the 1950s) battleship. The drawings are usually crisp and clear, but for some reason these are blurry, possibly ...

Stairwell to Basement Project

Stairwell Installation Project, Erie, Pennsylvania - Airplanes and RocketsLast December (2016) we decided to finally cut in a set of stairs to the basement so that going through the garage would not be required (that project will be documented someday). Our Erie house, built in the 1950s, has never had an inside access to the basement. Going through the garage was not particularly a big inconvenience, but in the middle of summer and winter the temperatures could be a bit uncomfortable for that long, 15 second trek from the kitchen door to the basement door ;-)  Still, having inside access seemed to be more 'normal.' We are a mile ... 

Lowell Observatory to Renovate Pluto Discovery Telescope

Lowell Observatory to Renovate Pluto Discovery Telescope - Airplanes and Rockets"The instrument at Lowell Observatory used by Clyde Tombaugh to discover Pluto will soon undergo renovation. The year-long project, set to begin on January 12, will include restoration of both the historic telescope and the wooden dome that houses it. While the telescope will be removed from the dome during this work, the dome will be open from time to time for public tours as work allows. The Pluto Telescope and its dome date ..."

Midget Motor Mania: Vintage Model Car Racing Video

Midget Motor Mania: Vintage Model Car Racing Video - Airplanes and Rockets"Adventures of a Newsreel Cameraman" was a series of short documentary films produced by 20th Century Fox in the 1930s. They covered topics including the relatively new technologies of airplanes, rockets, and electronics. The video is posted on YouTube by The Best Radio Controlled Car Reviews website titles it "History of Radio Controlled Cars Classic and Vintage RC Cars," which is a misnomer because there is nothing about R/C in the film (thanks to them, anyway). It does have ...

Paper Towel Holder Project

Paper Towel Holder Project (supermodel Melanie) - Airplanes and RocketsOne of the first woodworking projects I remember doing after Melanie and I were married and in our own house was making a paper towel holder out of some scrap pieces of oak flooring. The wood was in the basement of the house, probably from when it was originally installed sometime in the 1950s. A few pieces were glued together along their tongue and groove edges, and then scraped and sanded to a smooth, flat surface. The bottom curved relief shape was retained for character. At some point during our many household moves, the paper towel holder ...

UAV Makes Record Endurance Flight

UAV Makes Record Endurance Flight - Airplanes and Rockets"Vanilla Aircraft's VA001 combustion-powered UAV has achieved a world record with a non-stop, unrefuelled 56-hour flight. The flight of the 36' wingspan ultra-long endurance aircraft was submitted for a world duration record for combustion-powered UAVs in the 50-500 kg subclass. A representative from the US National Aeronautic Association was present to witness the record. The flight was planned as a 120-hour mission but ended prematurely due to forecasted severe icing and range restrictions. Despite this, the Falls Church ..."

Commercial Spaceflight Hits a Milestone

Commercial Spaceflight Hits a Milestone - Airplanes and Rockets"When Chris Ferguson commanded the final space shuttle mission in July 2011, he and his crew members left behind something on the International Space Station: a small American flag that had flown on the first shuttle mission three decades earlier. 'It will hopefully maintain a position of honor until the next vehicle launched from U.S. soil brings U.S. astronauts up to dock with the space station,' Ferguson explained. As the director for crew and mission operations at Boeing, Ferguson is one of the leaders ..."

Tower Hobbies Deluxe Power Panel

Tower Hobbies Deluxe Power Panel - Airplanes and RocketsSomething about using electric power systems for model airplanes has never filled sufficiently the 'hole' left by not hearing an internal combustion engine screaming. I switched over to electric more than a decade ago when the energy output of brushless motors and Li-Po batteries hit parity with glow engines. I have to admit that the reliability and ease of use of electric systems has its attractive features, not to mention no fuel mess to clean off the model. After finally deciding to start using Cox .049 engines again, I needed to re-acquire the field ...

Earn Your CAA Remote Pilot in Command License

CAA-Approved Drone Flying Courses - Airplanes and Rockets"Sky-Futures' Basic Drone Certification Course will enable persons and organizations in the UK to reach the basic standard required to operate drones under a CAA Permission for Commercial Operations (PfCO). For the past two years, Sky-Futures has trained Emergency Service and Enterprise clients in the safe use of drone technology in the UK. Sky-Futures holds CAA National Qualified Entity (NQE) status. Under these privileges, Sky-Futures will provide an all new online ground school ..."

National Model Aviation Museum Adds Plans

National Model Aviation Museum Adds Plans & Articles - Airplanes and RocketsAccording to the January 2017 issue of the Academy of Model Aeronautics' (AMA) Model Aviation magazine, the National Model Aviation Museum has acquired the right to the plans and articles published by Mr. Ed Sweeney's Potomac Aviation Publications, between July/August 1966 and March 1975. That includes American Modeler and American Aircraft Modeler magazines. Interestingly, posted in the announcement is the provenance of titles for the AMA's official monthly magazine. I have collected many editions over the years through purchases on eBay, and have ...

Airports: Biggest and Busiest

Airports: Biggest and Busiest (March 1940 Boys' Life Article) - Airplanes and RocketsLaGuardia Airport was dedicated on October 15, 1939 as the New York Municipal Airport, and opened for business on December 2 of that year. It was built on the site of the old Gala Amusement Park at a cost of $40 million. This aerial photograph was taken within a couple months of when LaGuardia first opened since it appeared in the March 1940 issue of Boys' Life magazine. The Google map satellite view is below the page scan, and I superimposed the 1940 runways and taxiways on top of it for comparison. You can see where expansions were built into the water to accommodate longer runways ...

Safety Test Proposal for Drone Users

Safety Test Proposal for Drone Users - Airplanes and Rockets"That could be the outcome of a government consultation on strict new drone safety rules. There could also be tougher penalties for anyone who flies a drone in a no-fly zone, with the possibility of a new criminal offence of misuse of a drone. Drone use has become widespread in the past few years, with drones available cheaply in high street shops. The government says drones have enormous economic ..."

Dxers: See Neil Carleton's (VE3NCE) Worldwide Radio Stamp Collection

Neil Carleton's (VE3NCE) Radio Stamp Collection, Kirt's Cogitation #279 - RF CafeAs you might expect, Ham radio operators tend to be the type of people who engage in more than one pastime. Many are handy with tools and like doing challenging home improvement projects and renovations of cars, trucks or antique furniture. Others enjoy hobbies like flying model airplanes and/or rockets, boating, fishing, baseball, and other endeavors of skill and prowess. Some, like Canadian amateur radio operator Neil Carleton (VE3NCE), count stamp collecting amongst their extracurricular activities. Stamp collectors are known properly as philatelists. Neil does not collect just any kind of stamps ...

Safe Shooting For Your High School Rifle Team

Safe Shooting For Your High School Rifle Team, July 1954 Air Trails - Airplanes and RocketsIn the 1950s and even up through around the early 1970s, many public schools had rifle clubs as extracurricular activities for students. Believe it or not, even schools in the big cities - like Lincoln High School in Brooklyn, New York - hosted rifle clubs. I have heard stories from guys who used to take their .22 rifles to school while riding on the subway with them on the way to and from school. Do you recall news reports of the day involving inner city shootings as a result of it? Me neither. This was a generation of kids whose parents fought in World War II and Korea ...


Amazon Files Patent for Flying Warehouse

Amazon Files Patent for Flying Warehouse - Airplanes and RocketsAmazon has filed a patent for massive flying warehouses equipped with fleets of drones that deliver goods to key locations. Carried by an airship, the warehouses would visit places Amazon expects demand for certain goods to boom. It says one use could be near sporting events or festivals where they would sell food or souvenirs to spectators. The patent also envisages a series of support vehicles that would be used to restock the flying structures ...


Artificial Feathers Let Drones Morph Their Wings Like Birds

Artificial Feathers Let Drones Morph Their Wings Like Birds - Airplanes and Rockets"Birds have been developing winged flight technology ever since they stole it from the dinosaurs back in 160 million years ago. Early on, top bird aeronautical engineers realized that wings have a fundamental problem: They give you both lift (which you want) and drag (which you don’t). Lift is important for take-offs and landings and maneuverability, but once you get off the ground and are going fast enough in a straight line, mostly wings just keep you from going even faster. The solution ..."


Gilbert Erector Set Ad in the December 1935 Boys' Life Magazine

Gilbert Erector Set Advertisement (December 1935 Boys' Life) - Airplanes and RocketsThe the A.C. Gilbert Company was incorporated by founder Alfred Carlton Gilbert, in 1916, in New Hartford, Connecticut. Erector Sets were a very popular learning toy for young boys who liked using their hands and minds to build working models of bridges, towers, cranes, trucks, and all sorts of electro-mechanical contraptions. I owned a couple small Erector Sets as a kid because my parents figured I had a penchant for construction and destruction ;-) This advertisement appeared in the December 1935 issue of Boys' Life magazine. If you ever peruse vintage magazines of ...

Inside the Spruce Goose

Inside the Spruce Goose - Airplanes and Rockets"Acres of blueberry, hazelnut, and hop farmland 60 miles from the Pacific Ocean in northwest Oregon seem an unlikely home for one of aviation's giants. The Howard Hughes-designed H-4 Hercules dubbed the Spruce Goose, a mammoth eight-engine flying boat that flew only once nearly 70 years ago, sits land locked in McMinnville, about 1,000 miles north of its birthplace in Southern California. The aircraft attracts a steady stream of visitors to the Evergreen Aviation and Space Museum, a sleek glass ..."

X-Ray Video Show How Lithium-Ion Batteries Explode

X-Ray Video Show How Lithium-Ion Batteries Explode - Airplanes and Rockets"Lithium ion batteries are the go to energy source for gadgets, powering everything from our smartphones to our laptops. But too much use can cause them to run down, overheat, and in the case of some faulty phones, explode. Now scientists have used X-rays to peer inside lithium batteries to find out why some of them swell like a pillow. They revealed that when the batteries are overheated or overcharged, chemical reactions produce gas inside the cells causing the pillowing effect. A team from ..."

Cox Model 789-3, 1½-Volt Starting Battery

Cox Model 789-3, 1½-Volt Starting Battery - Airplanes and RocketsLong before rechargeable NiCad and nickel-NiMH batteries were used for starting model airplane engines, we used standard primary type (non-rechargeable) 1.5-volt dry cells. In fact, the nominal 1.2-volt-per-cell potential of NiCad and NiMH batteries were barely high enough to sufficiently light the ignition coils in the glow heads and/or glow plugs, which were designed for 1.5 volts. Today's glow plugs work just fine on 1.2 V or 1.5 V. I have written before about how as a kid on a very small modeling budget, I would often spend a long time flipping the propeller of my Cox .049 engines ...

Daisy BB Gun Ad in the December 1935 Boys' Life Magazine

Daisy Air Rifle Advertisement (December 1935 Boys' Life) - Airplanes and Rockets"Be careful or you'll shoot your eye out." That is the famous line from A Christmas Story, where the plot centers around Ralphie Parker scheming to get a Daisy Red Ryder BB gun, aka the "official Red Ryder carbon action 200-shot Range model air rifle with a compass in the stock, and this thing which tells time." This Daisy BB gun advertisement appeared in the December 1935 issue of Boys' Life magazine.

Tern Tailsitter Drone: Pilot Not Included

Tern Tailsitter Drone: Pilot Not Included - Airplanes and Rockets"One of the oddest military drones aborning reinvents a stillborn technology from 1951. That's because the unmanned aircraft revolution is resurrecting configurations that were tried more than a half century ago but proved impractical with a human pilot inside. The case in point: Northrop Grumman's new Tern, a drone designed to do everything armed MQ-1 Predators or MQ-9 Reapers can, but to do it flying from small ships or rugged scraps of land – i.e., no runway needed. 'No one has flown a large, unmanned tailsitter ..."

Bob Hoover, Flying Legend, Dies at 94

Bob Hoover, Flying Legend, Dies at 94 - Airplanes and Rockets"News of the death of legendary test pilot and aerobatics pioneer Bob Hoover this morning has brought grief to the aviation community. Hoover, known among his many fans as the 'pilot's pilot,' died at about 2 a.m. PT, according to reports. He was 94 years old. Hoover's flying career began when he was a teenager. He soon enlisted and flew in World War II as a fighter pilot. After being shot down off the coast of southern France and spending 16 months in a German POW camp, he famously ..."

Giant R/C Airbus A-320 Flown Indoors at Stuttgart, Germany

Giant R/C Airbus A-340 by Airstage Flown Indoors at Stuttgart, Germany - Airplanes and RocketsThis giant Airbus A-320 lightweight is the creation of Airstage craftsman. CEO Rainer Mugrauer is himself an active R/C modeler. Airstage says, "Our expertise lies in the design of remote-controlled flying objects and their eye-catching presentation for events and show productions." It has a 189" wingspan and weighs only 13 oz (filling the model with helium helps reduce the flying ...

Wankel Engine Appearance in World Engines Advertisement

Airplanes and Rockets website visitor Barry D. from Belgium, wrote to ask whether I had a copy of an advertisement run by World Engines that featured the OS-Graupner Wankel rotary engine. I remember seeing those ads way back in the 1970s, so I began looking at the World Engines ads in the January 1970 issue. Finally, in the March 1972 edition, there it was. The entire ad and a full-size scan of just the Wankel engine are shown below.

Morphing Wing Changes Shape to Boost Performance

Morphing Wing Changes Shape to Boost Performance - Airplanes and Rockets"A new type of composite wing that can change its shape according to flight conditions has been made from a lattice of small, lightweight components. This morphing ability could allow for more aerodynamic, maneuverable and fuel-efficient aircraft that are also simple to construct. Described as a 'digital-material' approach to aeronautical design, the technology was developed by a collaboration involving NASA and several U.S. ..."

Feature: Maxwell's Hobby Shop in Erie, Pennsylvania

Maxwell's Hobby Shop in Erie, Pennsylvania - Airplanes and RocketsMaxwell's Hobby Shop is owned and run by Joe Maxwell and wife, Mary. Joe (a very nice guy) has been operating his eponymously named hobby shop in Erie, Pennsylvania, for many decades. The 600 sq. ft. shop is stuffed to the gills with kits and equipment for all types of aeromodeling, including free flight, control line, and radio control. There are many supplies for boats, helicopters, multirotor drones, and cars as well. Joe is an avid control line flyer and a member of the Bean Hill Flyers control line club, so there is a very nice stock of control line ...

Baby Boom Set for Supersonic Debut

Baby Boom Set for Supersonic Debut - Airplanes and Rockets"Boom Technology's XB-1 Supersonic Demonstrator has been designed to cruise at Mach 2.2 and is a one third subscale prototype of a supersonic passenger airliner proposed by the Denver-based company. '60 years after the dawn of the jet age, we're still flying at 1960s speeds,' said Blake Scholl, chief executive officer and founder of Boom. 'Concorde's designers didn't have the technology for affordable supersonic travel, but now we do. Today, we're proud to unveil ..."

Merry Christmas from AirplanesAndRockets.com!

 Merry Christmas 2016 from AirplanesAndRockets.com
Many thanks to everyone who supported the Airplanes and Rockets website throughout the year. Advertisers and visitors all play an important part in keeping Airplanes and Rockets "On the Air." Have a great holiday season and a safe and prosperous New Year!

"Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus."

Estes TRANSROC Model Rocket Locator Beacon

Estes TRANSROC Model Rocket Locator Beacon, Estes Model Rocket News, v11-n2, 1971 - Airplanes and RocketsAirplanes and Rockets website visitor wrote to ask that I scan and post this article from a 1971 edition of the Estes Model Rocket News publication. "Hey, this is GREAT!" Can't you just hear your friends when you fly your model rocket with the Estes TRANSROC -- the latest in miniature Space Age electronics? You'll have lots of fun, too, becoming an expert with this multi-purpose transmitter that will literally transform your model into a "talking bird" ...

Wright Experience Honors Original 1903 Flyer

Wright Experience Honors Original 1903 Flyer - Airplanes and Rockets"Orville and Wilbur Wright were secretive and extremely protective of the designs for their new flying machines, said The Wright Experience's Ken Hyde, an aircraft restorer who unlocked their mysteries. 'If they hadn’t been so secretive there would be nothing for us to discover,' Hyde said from his working museum in Warrenton, Virginia. His sleuthing led to the modern-day Wright Flyer and Wright Glider re-creations that are now hanging in several well-known aircraft museums. Hyde explained ...