About Airplanes & Rockets

Kirt Blattenberger, Webmaster - Airplanes and Rockets
Kirt Blattenberger
Carpe Diem!
(Seize the Day!)

Even during the busiest times of my life I have endeavored to maintain some form of model building activity. This site has been created to help me chronicle my journey through a lifelong involvement in model aviation, which all began in Mayo, MD. There is a lot of good information and there are lot of pictures throughout the website that you will probably find useful, and might even bring back some old memories from your own days of yore. The website began life around 1996 as an EarthLink screen name of ModelAirplanes, and quickly grew to where more server space ...

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- Home Page Archive #25 -
"Heavier-than-air flying machines are impossible." Lord Kelvin, 1895

In order to provide for a reasonable homepage loading time, it is impractical to just keep adding items to the top of the stack and keep all the old stuff there too. Therefore, I have created these Airplanes and Rockets Homepage Archives to maintain a historical snapshot of everything once on the homepage. Unfortunately, I did not think to keep a record until around Fall of 2009; I had just been deleting items from the bottom of the stack. No more, though. Hence forth, if you recall seeing something on the homepage but it is no longer there, please check out these archive pages. I also keep an archive of all the modeling news additions:

Homepage Additions Archive:

| 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 |
| 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 |

Modeling News Archive:

| 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 |

Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress
Assembly Line

Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress Assembly Line, January 1941 Flying Aces - Airplanes and RocketsIn the interest of sparing Major Fred Lord major embarrassment, I have not reproduced his entire article outlining what he would do if he were appointed head of the Army Air Corps. Almost without exception, everything he posited in this January 1941 piece from Flying Aces magazine turned out to be wrong - as evidenced by the way events unfolded after America entered World War II. Reading the predictions and suggestions offered in just the opening paragraphs makes you wish you could have given the poor guy a crystal ball to spare himself the humiliation that often comes with proclaiming a knowledge superior to everyone else's. One good thing to come out of the article is a cool photo of the Boeing plant where B-17s were being assembled. If anyone wants ...

UAV Coach: How to Buy a Drone

UAV Coach: How to Buy a Drone (Alan Perlman) - Airplanes and Rockets"I started this website to help people avoid the mistakes I made during that first flight, to show people how amazing the UAV industry is, how to get involved, and most importantly, how to properly fly a quadcopter. I'm not going to pretend to be an expert. I'm here to help push the drone community forward. To interview aerial videographers, professional drone pilots, and UAV manufacturers. To share stories and tips and tricks. To connect with others and to showcase the surge in technology and applications we're seeing in the UAV industry each week." - Alan Perlman. UAV Coach features specialized areas for a Buying Guide, UAV Pilot Training, Aerial Videography , and Industry News.

Patriot Free Flight Rubber Model

The Patriot Article & Plans, December 1969 American Aircraft Modeler Magazine - Airplanes and RocketsA website visitor wrote to ask that I scan and post this article for the Patriot rubber-powered free flight model. It is a simple stick and sheet balsa job that can be built for about three bucks worth of parts. The wings uses a couple ribs on the underside to form an undercambered airfoil for a little extra lift. Enjoy! 

Jetco "Sabre Stunt" Kit

Jetco Sabre Stunt Control Line Kit - Airplanes and RocketsWhile perusing an antique shop in Boone, NC, this weekend, I spotted this Jetco "Sabre Stunt" kit sitting on a shelf. The box is in very good condition and the wood and plans are as well. Whoever owned the kit previously must have built the wing because all those parts are missing. It does appear that most of the rest of the wood components are present. I did not do a complete inventory, but a couple other things obviously gone are the canopy, landing gear wire. The complete plans set is there, and there are five full sheets of authentic Silkspan covering - worth a small fortune these days. I bought the kit mainly to keep it from eventually getting relegated to the trash heap of history. It is not one of the ones that I owned as a kid, so it does not have any particular sentimental value to me, but it does make a very nice display piece since the box is in such fine shape. Jetco

Southwest Champion's Winning
Towliner "Honker"

Southwest Champion's Winning Towliner "Honker", September/October 1963 American Modeler - Airplanes and RocketsAs open space becomes more and more scare in populated areas all up and down the East Coast, the Great Lakes region, and similar sections of the country, free flight activities are increasingly difficult to contemplate. The same goes for model rocketry. All of the fields I used to fly from in the Mayo, MD, area when in my teens back in the early to mid 1970s were long ago turned into housing developments, commercial office or retail outlet stores. It used to be a simple matter of loading an airplane or rocket into my 1969 Camaro and driving a few miles to a school yard or an empty lot behind a strip mall, but not so much anymore. Even if you do manage to locate a suitable flying area, there are usually signs posted warning of prosecution for trespassing. School athletic fields are typically cluttered with soccer nets

Sources for Servos & Non-Standard
Flight Hardware

Sources for Servos & Non-Standard Flight Hardware - Airplanes and RocketsMost of us, especially pre-Millennials- in the aeromodeling hobby are accustomed to frequenting a handful of traditional distributors for flight hardware - Tower Hobbies, Hobby Lobby (now Hobby Express), Brodak, Sig, Hobby People, Horizon Hobby, etc. Except for lines of proprietary kits, motors, and equipment, most offer the same assortment of goods. That's fine if you are building and/or flying standard models with standard parts. If, however, you are one of the precious few modelers these days who builds and operates unique models with special needs, as with scale, research, or ad hoc experimentation, then you may be frustrated with the normal suppliers. Fortunately for you, there is a whole separate world of people who need and use components similar to ours

World War-1 Ace von Schleich and His
Roland C-II "Wahlfisch"

World War-1 Ace von Schleich and his Roland C-II "Wahlfisch" Plans for U/Control C-II, September 1962 American Modeler - Airplanes and RocketsDouglas Rolfe's sketch of this Roland C-II biplane is another example of his amazing ability not just to create a drawing, but to depict the model's construction features in a manner helpful to builders. That, coupled with the masterfully detailed and laid-out plans by Walter Musciano and a brief history on the airplane along with its most famous pilot, Eduard von Schleich, makes this an article you won't want to miss - especially if you are a World War I historian

Count-Down: Soviet MR-1 Meteo
Sounding Rocket

Count-Down: Soviet MR-1 Meteo Sounding Rocket, March 1967 American Modeler - Airplanes and RocketsA combination of the Space Race and the Cold War with the U.S.S.R. in the 1950s and 1960s generated a lot of interest in rocketry - both full-scale and hobby models. The shroud of secrecy (aka the Iron Curtain) surrounding all aspects of the Communist regime served to increase the fascination with any form of technology that emerged in the public. Keeping prying eyes of of ground-based entities was difficult enough for the Ruskies, but it is nearly impossible to prevent observations of things in the air - like rockets, helicopters, and airplanes. A lot of information can be gleaned about a rocket, for instance, by its physical size and shape; exhaust temperature, chemical composition, and sound signature; flight path, etc. Military rockets were of greatest interest to the Free Worlds'

Netzeband Reports on the Aero 35
Horizontal Piston Engine

Netzeband Reports on the Aero 35 Horizontal Piston Engine, from September/October 1963 American Modeler Magazine - Airplanes and RocketsLike the Wankel rotary engine, the horizontal piston engine seems like a good idea on paper. Both engines were masterpieces of outside-the-box thinking, and were successfully implemented in both prototype and production. Unfortunately, both engines suffered from technical issues that ultimately excluded them from being widely adapted. This report on the Aero 35 horizontal piston engine appeared in a 1964 edition of American Modeler, and also happens to be the year (maybe the only year) that it was available from its manufacturer, Aero Research and Development, of Buffalo, New York. The ingenuity that went into designing and implementing this engine is amazing. Here is an incredibly in-depth analysis on the Aero 35 on the Model Engine News website that is worth your

Mad Modelers' Slot Racer

Mad Modelers' Slot Racer, from September/October 1963 American Modeler Magazine - Airplanes and RocketsSlot car racing used to be a big deal back before battery-powered radio control cars became inexpensive and readily available. Many hobby shops, including one I used to frequent in Laurel, Maryland, had slot car tracks set up for patrons to use. I think we paid something like a dollar for half an hour. You could either bring your own car, or rent one from the hobby shop. As with any activity, certain stereotypes are created and stick with slot car racers and their creations. This set of comics from a 1963 edition of American Modeler documents some of those things

Lazy Susan Salt, Pepper & Napkin Holder

Lazy Susan Salt, Pepper & Napkin Holder - Airplanes and RocketsMany moons ago I designed and built a combined salt & pepper and napkin holder for use on a round oak table we had when first married (1983). It had a Lazy Susan turntable for the base to facilitate easy access by anyone sitting at the table. At some point during our many household moves, we sold both the table and the turntable at a yard sale (not necessarily at the same time). For a long time I have been planning to build another to replace it. Finally, I used some leftover hickory wood from my Grandmother clock project and built what you see here. It is about 11½" in diameter; the size was kept as small as practical so as not to take up too much room on the table

Wild Bill Netzeband's
Control Line Capers

Wild Bill Netzeband's Control Line Capers, October 1962 American Modeler - Airplanes and RocketsThis installment of Bill Netzeband's "Control Line Capers" column in a 1962 edition of American Modeler magazine is the earliest instance I remember discussing what relationship - if any- the location of the bellcrank in the fuselage has with the models center of gravity. As it turns out, and elementary physics would suggest it, the determining factor it the location of the leadout line guides on the wingtip that is important to flight characteristics. The wingtip leadout guides act only as a pair of simple pulleys to change the direction of the applied force, so once the line are past the guides, it does not matter to the airplane where the pulley is located (assuming a rigid airframe)

Peck-Polymers Is Back in Business !!!

Peck-Polymers Is Back in Business !!! - Airplanes and RocketsPeck-Polymers has been around for as long as I can remember, which would have been in the late 1960s to early 1970s, when I would have bought my first aeromodeling magazine. In fact, Peck-Polymers was founded in 1971 by engineer and free-flighter Bob Peck. According to the "About" page on their website, Bob designed many of the models in the original Peck product line. He and his wife Sandy we soon kitting designs by Bill Hannan, Bill Warner, Dick Baxter and many others. Peck-Polymers has also long been at the forefront of design and engineering of the many small parts that are so critical to free flight rubber airplanes, such as the bearings and prop shafts. Bob passed away in 1991, and his wife Sandy kept the company going until late 2007 when she sold it to Tim Goldstein of A2Z Corp. Tim created the laser-cut kits. In January of 2015, Chuck Imbergamo of Wind-it-up Enterprises took ownership of the

Battery Connector Usage Chart:
Model Aircraft, Boats & Cars

Battery Connector Usage Chart - Model Aircraft, Boats & Cars - Airplanes and RocketsThere are many high quality types of connectors available nowadays for use with battery packs for model airplanes, helicopters, boats, and cars. A wide range of current handling capacities are required depending on the demands of electric power setups. Smaller park flyer types only might need connectors and wires that can handle 10 amps, whereas larger scale models and 3D helicopters can easily need more than 100 amps for acceptable performance. Connector failure is often the culprit in crashes due to inappropriate contact ratings. It is well worth your investment in time to research and implement proper connector usage considering the time and money invested in your model. Specifications used for the following table were obtained from

Bill Bell's Nats Winning "Javelin"
F.A.I. Free Flight Plans

Bill Bell's Nats Winning "Javelin" F.A.I. Free Flight Plans, October 1962 American Modeler - Airplanes and RocketsIf Bill Bell was 35 years old when this plans sheet for his "Javelin" free flight airplane was published in American Modeler in 1962, that makes him a ripe old age of 88 today. He may well still be flying models. There was no article accompanying the plans; it appeared kind of randomly on a page within an article titled, "How to Add Radio Control to Your Scale Model Auto." The wingspan appears to be around 64", with a Cox .15 TeeDee

Radio Control How to Get F.C.C. License

Radio Control How to Get F.C.C. License, from September 1962 American Modeler Magazine - Airplanes and RocketsIf you have only ever known a time in the R/C era when 2.4 GHz, spread spectrum radios were in use and not only there no interference issues, but there were no licenses required, either, for legal operation, then it might be hard to imagine when this was not so. Most people in the R/C realm at least remember the 72 MHz frequency band where each system operated on a specific center frequency, where no two system could be operated in the same vicinity. Before that there was the 27 MHz band, which is where I began, more specifically on 27.195 MHz. Only five frequencies were reserved by the FCC exclusively for radio control use

XXL Bücker Jungmeister Scale 1:1.25

Helmut Müller's 85% scratch-built Bücker Jungmeister - Airplanes and RocketsThis 85% scratch-built Bücker Jungmeister, built by Helmut Müller, sports a 17.5-foot wingspan and weighs a hefty 286 pounds. It is powered by an ultralight aircraft engine turning a Fiala 60x20 wood propeller. The video from the ICARE Airmeet in Rohrbach Les Bitche in France was posted by RCScaleAirplanes. Those Europeans really love big model airplanes - and do a magnificent job with both building and flying.

The Real Helicopter Parents

The Real Helicopter Parents - Airplanes and RocketsThis article from the May 2015 edition of the Smithsonian Institution's Air & Space magazine reports on the latest trend amongst the überwealthy in California where their children are encouraged to earn helicopter pilots licenses. Doing so has become a major status symbol. Price, which can range from $100k to $½M depending on the age the kid begins, is no object for those folks. "Instead of sports after school, parents are putting their kids in helicopters. They think having a helicopter pilot's license on an application will help their kids get into college." "As soon as he gets his pilot's license, his dad wants to buy a helicopter so his son can chauffeur him around." It gives a new meaning to the term 'helicopter parent.'

For the Tenderfoot: Hi-Climber

Hi-Climber Article & Plans, December 1968 American Aircraft Modeler - Airplanes and RocketsWebsite visitor Pat M. wrote to ask that I scan page 14 of this Hi-Climber article that appeared in the December 1968 edition of American Aircraft Modeler. I was glad to oblige, and while at it, I processed the entire article. If the rubber-powered free flight Hi-Climber interested Pat enough to build it, then chances are someone else might like to as well. Hi-Climber is one in a long series of "For the Tenderfoot" models promoting the entrance of kids into the aeromodeling hobby

Early Wankel Engine Models

Wankel Engine Models - July/August 1963 American Modeler - Airplanes and RocketsFelix Wankel's rotary engine design was going to set the internal combustion world on fire and make traditional piston-driven engines obsolete. Aside from being revolutionary (no pun intended) from a technology perspective, they just looked cool, and they would be ideal pseudo radials for vintage aircraft models. They operate at high RPMs, have relatively few moving parts, and are lower in both weight and size than equivalent power traditional piston engines. Unfortunately, reality never quite caught up with theory due to heating issues, frequent rotor seal failure, poor fuel economy with attendant poor emissions quality, and other nagging problems

Another Round of Aeromodeling Comics

Page 7 of Model Aviation Comics of Yore, Comics from 1950s through Mid 1970s Vintage Model Aviation Magazines (page 6) - Airplanes and RocketsThere have been many very humorous comics published in various editions of American Modeler during the late 1950's and early 1960s. Some subjects are dated, but many are as familiar today as back 50 yeas ago. Where available, I scanned the comics and replicated them here so that everyone can enjoy the long-ago work of a great artist. Enjoy!

Ritz on Airfoils

Ritz on Airfoils, from September/October 1963 American Modeler Magazine - Airplanes and RocketsNew airfoils today are designed by computer - literally. As with circuit and mechanical simulator software, aerodynamic fluid flow algorithms exist that will run thousands of iterations on an initial design until it reaches the goal set by the engineer. Limits are defined on parameters such as chord, wingspan, airspeed, thickness, manufacturing tolerances, temperature coefficients, material stiffness, to name a few, and then a mouse click sends the computer into its happy place while obeying convergence rules and arriving (hopefully) at a solution that provides the performance characteristics desired. If it fails to produce the expected result, a new set of starting points, limits, and convergence algorithms can be stipulated and then the process is

Al Rabe's C/L Sea Fury

Sea Fury Article & Plans, March 1973 American Aircraft Modeler - Airplanes and RocketsOddly enough, this extremely long article on Al Rabe's famous Sea Fury control line scale stunt model does not include plans. I checked the AMA Plans Service website and do not see plans listed there, either, so unfortunately for anyone wanting to build this model, there won't be any help available from the AMA. The main purpose of this article seems to be the extensive research and empirical testing Al Rabe did with airfoils, planforms, control surfaces, etc., in arriving at his final winning design. He even performed live runs of test airfoil sections to determine lift and drag with and without flaps. I scanned this article at the request of

Porterfield Collegiate

Porterfield Collegiate, August 1968 American Aircraft Modeler - Airplanes and RocketsThe Porterfield Collegiate is not a name that nearly everyone is familiar with like the Piper Cub is. In fact, the Cub is so well-known that, like "Coke" is for mentioning colas, "Piper Cub" is often the generic term used to identify an single-engine light airplane whether it be high wing or low wing. According to this article, the Collegiate was a contender for the Cub in the pilot training realm due to the relatively low cost of ownership and the very favorable performance in terms of stall recovery, low landing speed,

Collins Radio Company Advertisement

Collins Radio Company Ad, June 1946 Radio News - Airplanes and RocketsArthur Collins founded the Collins Radio Company in 1933 to enter the fledgling domestic AM broadcast market. His equipment instantly became renowned for high quality and reliability. Collins gained early notoriety as the result of being selected by Admiral Richard Byrd for his South Pole expedition. The U.S. military took notice and the company quickly earned a reputation as a preferred supplier of aviation communications equipment both for commercial and military aviation. As seen in this 1946 advertisement in Radio-News, Trans World Airlines proudly employed Collins radio equipment in its fleet of Lockheed Constellation (aka 'Connie')

Critter R/C Sailboat by Larry J.

Critter R/C Sailboat modified with mizzen mast, by LarryJ. - Airplanes and RocketsLarry J. sent photos of his completed Critter R/C sailboat - amazing craftsmanship on display! Larry added a mizzen mast (the rear mast) to the original, which was a standard sloop configuration with a mainmast holding the mainsail and jib. He scaled it to a 48" hull length, and it uses a little over 13 pounds of lead ballast. I will ask him for a photo of the radio compartment

Douglas Skystreak Article & Plans

Douglas Skystreak Article & Plans, March 1967 American Modeler - Airplanes and RocketsHere is a really unique twin-engined control line scale model jet. The two 1/2A propeller engines are mounted on the wingtips where they would be almost unnoticeable as integrated into the tip fuel tanks. Interestingly, I could not find a single photograph of the Douglas Skystreak with tip tanks. Oh well, if there ever was one configured that way, surely this is how it would look! According to designer and author Frank Beatty, his model flies just fine on a single engine, regardless of whether it is the inboard or the outboard. The wingspan is 43" and fuselage length

Single-Channel R/C Website

Phil & Shaun's Single-Channel & Vintage R/C Page - Airplanes and Rockets If you have an interest in vintage single-channel radio control equipment, then there is probably no better source on the subject than Phil & Shaun's Single-Channel & Vintage R/C Page. It is chock full of transmitters, receivers, servos, escapements, reeds, galloping ghosts, and support equipment - much of which has been restored to working condition. Lots of high quality photos and a few videos of some of the vintage gear actually flying model airplanes are included as well. I love the old radio systems, but sure am glad for today's 'bullet-proof' 2.4 GHz proportional systems.

Rocket Trails: Engine Performance

Rocket Trails: Basic Info on Propulsion Systems for Small "Birds", October 1962 American Modeler - Airplanes and Rockets'Old Rocketeer' Harry Stein, who authored the monthly "Rocket Trails" column in American Modeler magazine for many years, presents here a simple treatment of the technicalities of model rocket engines such as those produced by Estes, Centauri, and Model Missiles (of those, only Estes still makes motors), but Quest and Aerotech are other modern model rocket motor suppliers. Specific impulse, thrust, burn time, motor sizes, delay times, and ejection charges, etc. are all covered

Sound Broadcasting from Airplanes

Sound Broadcasting from Airplanes, September 1947 Radio News - RF CafeUntil maybe 20 to 30 years ago, there was still a certain amount of awe associated with new applications of technology. It seems anymore people are so accustomed to new and amazing things - usually at affordable prices - that the wonder is gone. Advancements are expected. The world is moving so fast that it is difficult to absorb and fully appreciate all the work being done. In 1947, both airplanes and electronics were still relatively new to a lot of people, especially in more rural areas, so a whiz-bang scheme like broadcasting messages from an airplane was

SpaceShipOne to National Model Aviation Museum

SpaceShipOne Test Model Coming to National Model Aviation Museum - Airplanes and RocketsDan Kreigh of Scaled Composites and RutanRC has loaned a RC test model of SpaceShipOne to the National Model Aviation Museum. Not only is this RC test model of historical significance, it is the predecessor to the SpaceShipOne RC model now available through the RutanRC Kickstarter campaign. You have until Monday, May 25 to order your SpaceShipOne with White Knight RC models for $169.

L.M. Cox Manufacturing Advertisement - 1953 Air Trails

Cox Thimble Drome Ad, November 1953 Air Trails - Airplanes and RocketsLiving one's whole life in the past is never a good thing, but it doesn't hurt to spend a little time harkening back to the roots of our fine hobby of aeromodeling. One of the most readily accessible venues is vintage magazines like American Modeler, Air Trails, etc. Looking at the of the old advertisements really brings back memories of the items I drooled over as a kid. $6.95 for a Space Bug isn't much in 2015 money, but according to the BLS's Inflation Calculator, that amount was equivalent to $61.10 in 1953. A newspaper delivery boy's pay made such purchases a little difficult, and my parents certainly were in no position to buy stuff for me

Elementary Modeling: Half-A Control-Line

Elementary Modeling: Half-A Control-Line, July 1951 Air Trails - Airplanes and RocketsHalf-A (aka 1/2A, 1/2-A, and A/2) control line flying has been a staple of the model airplane hobby for at least 3/4 of a century. Because of the relative low cost and low complexity of the engine, airframe, and fuel consumption, 1/2-A has been the entry point for untold thousands of kids and adults - an 'entry drug' of sorts because many of those people, myself included, get 'hooked' and move on to bigger (but not necessarily better) things as the years and decades go by. The well-known Cox (L.M. Cox Manufacturing) ready-to-fly plastic models are no longer produced, but some of the .049 engine parts and even some

Radio-Operated Airplanes

Radio Operated Airplane, January 1946 Radio News - RF CafeWhen I first saw this article from a 1946 edition of Radio News, I did a double-take on the author's name, thinking it was written by long-time model aviation author and magazine editor William 'Bill" Winter. It was actually done by a fellow named Winters, not Winter. An enthusiastic radio control (R/C) evangelist in his day, Bill Winter wrote many pieces for electronics magazines such as Popular Electronics. As I have noted in the past, hobbyists in the electronics realm, as well as in the fields of aircraft and rocket design, contribute mightily to the state of the art. Such is also the case in many other arts and sciences. Here we have a report of some of the earliest radio controlled flying 'drones,' as we call them today. They are a far cry from the

Citizen-Ship Model SPX
Single-Channel R/C System

Citizen-Ship Model SPX Transmitter & Receiver - Airplanes and RocketsMy very first radio control system was a single-channel Citizen-Ship Model SPX like this one I bought on eBay. I stupidly sold my original, which was in mint condition and still in the box many years ago, this example is in used condition, but still looks pretty good. A little isopropyl alcohol and 409 cleaner did a nice job of cleaning the 'used-ness' off of it. This was one of the first transistorized production radio systems which, along with other such systems, prompted a lot of people to get into radio control since cost, size, weight, and complexity were greatly reduced. Much greater immunity to vibration and electrical noise effects made reliability much better as

Beechcraft Debonair
Article & Plans

Bonanza Debonair Article & Plans, July 1971 American Aircraft Modeler - Airplanes and RocketsWebsite visitor Eduardo wrote to ask that I scan and post this construction article for the Beechcraft Bonanza Debonair. I am glad to do so for anyone, at no charge, as time permits. Usually, I am able to get requests completed within a couple days. If plans are still available through the AMA Plans Service, then only lower resolution versions are posted (typically 1500 pixels wide) in order to not cheat the AMA out of needed revenue. Besides, there are distortions in the scaled-up magazine version that would not be present in the AMA's reproductions from the originals. The AMA Plans Service will provide a version of the plans at a size different from the original, so, for

Multi-Cylinder Engines

Multi-Cylinder Engines, March 1967 American Modeler - Airplanes and RocketsMulti-cylinder model aircraft engines add an incredible degree of 'wow factor' to any model, whether inline, opposed, or radial. From a functional perspective, multi-cylinder engines are notable smoother in operation because when properly configured the pistons are moving in opposite directions and therefore tend to cancel each other's mass acceleration. More cylinders gets more vibration cancellation. Torque effects are the same as for any equivalent displacement engine as engine speed changes. The other great advantage of a multi-cylinder engine is better idling characteristics. Producing a multi-cylinder engine take more than simply coupling two or more engines to the same thrust line since timing issues, even with glow engines than have no separate ignition

1953 AMA Nationals

The Nationals, November 1953 Air Trails - Airplanes and RocketsThe Naval Air Station at Lakehurst, New Jersey, was the venue for the 1953 aeromodeling "Nationals." Lakehurst was still fresh in the minds at the time of everyone there because of the Hindenburg Zeppelin airship disaster that occurred a mere 16 years earlier (1937). All events, including indoor, were flown at the same location thanks to the immense size of the field and hangar. Those of us who have been in the the realm for a few decades will recognize some of the names of folks in attendance. It's kind of sad to think that many of the people captured in the photos here are gone from this Earth by now. Hopefully, a family member or friend will find mention of them here and be given a chance to enjoy

Notable Quote on the
Future of Missile Mail

Arthur Summerfield on Missile Mail - RF Cafe Notable Quote"Before man reaches the moon, mail will be delivered within hours from New York to California, to England, to India or to Australia by guided missiles." - Arthur Summerfield, U.S. Postmaster General. On June 8, 1959, in a move that PG Summerfield heralded as "of historic significance to the peoples of the entire world," the Navy submarine USS Barbero fired a guided missile carrying 3,000 letters towards the naval auxiliary air station in Mayport, Florida. Racing along at about 600 miles per hour, the guided missile traveled the more than 100 miles from the deck of the submarine off the coast of Florida to the air station in about 22 minutes