Missy DARA QM Article & Plans
April 1974 American Aircraft
Airplanes and Rockets visitor Dave J. wrote to ask
that I post this article on the Miss DARA quarter midget racer that appeared in the April 1974 edition
of American Aircraft Modeler. I offer to do this for people at no charge as time permits, so please
don't offer to pay me. Also, I usually post a scan of the plans, but if you are going to build the model,
I highly recommend buying a set from the AMAM Plans Service if they are still available. The AMA will
scale the plans to any size you need, so you're not locked into the original wingspan.
Missy DARA QM
The most exciting QM to ever take a checkered flag, Missy DARA is an all-out effort at maximum scale
fidelity. It's fast, to boot!
By Loren O. Jacobsen
The original full-size
Miss DARA was a Formula racer of the mid 1960s. After several attempts at competing, however, it suffered
a fatal crash in a test flight and never appeared on the race scene again. I couldn't resist trying
to recapture its appealing, unique shape in the form of a Quarter Midget (QM) racer.
It is my
impression that many modelers buy modeling magazines for the inspiration from the photos of other modelers'
efforts. Besides the information that can be gleaned from the articles, pictures of fellow modelers'
planes inspire daydreams of the perfect flying model. Missy DARA was designed to race, but she should
also inspire other QM enthusiasts to build racers which are more representative of their full-scale
According to the rules, QMs should be "semi-scale or recognizable replicas" of
aircraft that have raced in one way or another. Maybe the rules should say "easily recognizable," because,
as the competition gets faster, the racers become less recognizable. Extremely distasteful to me is
the kit practice of supplying a mass-produced fuselage of minimum dimensions, along with a variety of
canopies and flying surface tip designs. The simple fuselage form, not resembling any full-size aircraft,
is used merely to attach two or three features of the airplane it supposedly models. Whatever happened
to the "Builder of the Model" pride cultivated by transforming either a drawing or a well-engineered
kit into a good looking, recognizable airplane? I am not advocating super-scale, detailed QM racers
- only more scale effect.
The 7/8" wing rule makes way for more scale wing planforms, which
Missy DARA has. Fuselages built to the five-in. minimum depth, however, are hard pressed to capture
the spirit of the racers after which they are modeled, So I chose to maintain the unique outline of
the Miss DARA; despite the fuselage depth. I also decided to retain the low aspect ratio and outline
of the Miss DARA wing. You can see that Missy DARA is not a scaled down Formula I racer, but was built
to be a QM. But! Can a racer with a deeper, more scale outline fuselage be competitive? Missy DARA,
though over six in. deep, answers YES!
The accompanying photos (for inspiration, remember) show her with a scale fin and rudder outline. She
was flown many times this way, but she proved to be a wayward girl in the tight scatter pylon turn.
The plans show her with a larger vertical fin, which proved to be the answer to keeping this little
cutie in the groove.
Stripped down for routine
maintenance, the model Is a myriad of necessary hatches. All systems can be safety checked in a matter
The wing is pre·MonoKoted,
except for the gluing area. The canopy assembly will be permanently affixed later. It's nice to build
in this modular fashion, since the components may be easily handled all the way through the finishing
Jenesco fueling system
hidden under the cowl keeps nitro uncontaminated.
The first prototype
Missy DARA used a modified K&B Schnuerle. The backplate and rotor were rotated 1800 for more efficient
location of the carb (better breathing makes for faster running), Linkage conversion is a snap
Tucked away nicely
is the Schnuerle. It just sits there, saying, "I'm gonna get ya!"
Two other changes have been made to the model since the photos were taken.
Competition in the North Central Pylon League (NCPL) here in the Minneapolis-St. Paul area, has become
so fierce that I found I could afford neither the luxury of a sub-rudder and steerable tail skid, nor
the large cheek cowls.
I found that Missy DARA could be raced without rudder control. Takeoffs
are quite straight because of the right thrust in the engine mounting. I taped the rudder in place and
eliminated the servo and linkage. The plans show an optional movable rudder.
Also shown on the
plan are smaller, more scale cheek cowls, intended to present a more streamlined front end. Note in
the photos that Missy DARA originally had a rear rotor engine installation utilizing the left cheek
cowl as the intake for the carburetor. Also, only the simpler front rotor engine installation, which
is easily maintained and allows more room for an uncramped fuel tank area, is shown on the plan. I believe
that most model builders are innovators by nature and will make construction changes to suit their building
techniques and engines.
For innovators who want to use rear rotor engines, I would suggest
incorporating hardwood beam mounts, and allowing for fuel tank access from the radio compartment through
F-2. Or you may want to move F-1 back, and use the long Tatone mount. I have included a photo of the
rear rotor K&B 15 Schnuerle engine, which has had the backplate and rotor rotated 1800, in order
to bring the carburetor around to the left cheek cowl. Linkage from throttle arm to exhaust baffle was
made from nylon rod and two short lengths of 2-56 threaded rod. If you use this engine setup, the left
cowl will have to be removable.
The strength of this design is in the one-piece unit of
wing and fuselage. The wing can be built in two halves, and finished separately with Super MonoKote
before joining. The lower half of the fuselage is constructed over the plan top view. The upper half
of the fuselage is shaped from blocks of balsa, with the portion over the wing separating to allow for
wing attachment. All parts of the fuselage can be painted and detailed before cementing the wing in
Wing: Cut the foam wing
cores according to the templates shown on the plan. Be sure to make right and left cores and mark them
as such. The cores will actually be oversize in planform, so that the leftover foam cradles can be used
later as support for the leading and trailing edges during sheeting. Using a straightedge and sharp
razor, cut LE and TE of cores per plan. Cut the front edge of the Sig 1/4 x 2" aileron stock to plan.
This piece will closely match the taper of the core, and is epoxied in place. Epoxy 1/4" sq. LE spar
to core and sand to airfoil shape. Locate the aileron torque rod positions and make slots for them.
Cut sheeting with razor and straightedge and butt glue together, allowing extra sheeting over the core
edges. Note that there is a 5/8" overlap of sheeting at the TE. Sheet the bottom of the wings and cut
the aileron sections out of the cores.
Use rubber cement for balsa to foam joints and
epoxy for balsa to balsa. Do not overlap these cements, and be sure to allow the solvents to evaporate
from the rubber cement for at least 15 min. before attaching the sheeting. Epoxy the torque tube assemblies
in place, raising them in their slots so that the centerlines are 1/32" above wing chord lines. Now
sheet the top of the wings and trim excess sheeting to the core edges. Don't remove the entire 5/8"
trailing edge. Add the 1/4" sq. LE and tips, and sand to shape. Cut the ailerons from 1-1/4" TE stock
and locate the hinges and the holes for torque rods. Groove the ailerons so that the rods will lay flush
in their front edges. I finished the wing halves at this point with Super MonoKote.
the wing halves with epoxy, using each respective cradle as a dihedral jig. Block up the tips so that
the top of the wing is straight and the bottom offers a small amount of dihedral. This will not be a
strong joint, but will hold until the wing is fitted to the fuselage.
Again, using a straightedge and a sharp blade, trim two sheets of 1/8 x 3 x 36" balsa, so that two edges
are parallel and cut to the side view shown on the plan. Cut the 1/16" balsa doubler to outline and
sand the front edge of the RIGHT doubler 1/32" shorter so that when F-1 is positioned, it will give
right thrust to the engine mount. Mark the wing cutout areas on the fuselage sides, but .do not cut
them out yet. Accurately mark the wing chord lines on the fuselage, so that the LE is 3/32" above the
TE in relation to the thrust line. Cut the slot for the stabilizer to the positive angle shown. Mark
cheek cowl outlines so that you will not cut or sand into these flat areas. Epoxy or contact cement
the doublers to the sides. The sheeting can be blocked up during doubler attachment to provide a slight
inward curve. Bevel the rear inside edges to the fuse sides.
Cut F-4 from a flat piece of 3/8"
balsa sheet to plan top view, and mark the centerline and the former locations. Pin F-4 down over top
view and tack glue F-2 in place. Glue on F-3 and the fuselage sides, taping the rears together. Pull
the front together to a 13/4" inside measurement and secure with tape. Push a couple of pins through
the rear fuselage on the rudder hinge line. Angle these to aid in fitting the scrap balsa block for
hinging optional rudder and holding skid wire.
Bend the 1/16" wire tail skid and sandwich between
the ply pieces. Epoxy it in place flush with the fuselage bottom. Glue in the 1/8" sq. balsa corner
longerons, and add 1/8" sheet bottom. Epoxy the 1/4" ply bottom servo hatch mount at F-3. Fit the 1/16"
ply hatch mounting screw bases at F-3 and secure the landing gear mount. Then accurately cut 1/16" balsa
sheets to fit between the pieces of ply and the fuselage sides. Glue the 1/2" sheet bottom to these
parts without getting glue on the fuselage sides. Drill for No.4 screws. The hatch will hold the fuselage
sides in position when the wing is mounted.
Attach the Kraft-Hayes No. 19-B mount to F-1 for
a Supertigre installation, or adjust F-1 to the desired engine and mount. Epoxy in place, checking the
thrust offset. Epoxy the 1/16" ply triplers between F-1 and F-2, and fill the corners of the tank area
with 1/2" triangular stock. Glue the 1/4" balsa nose doublers in place, and add the 1/2" bottom nose
block. Fill all the corners of the engine area with scrape balsa. Cut out the right side of the fuselage
until the engine is easily inserted into the mount. Now, with the prop and spinner on the engine, adjust
the location of the nose ring and cement in place. The bottom fuel tank hatch is shaped from 1 x 3"
balsa block and can be hollowed for the battery pack, if it will fit here.
The lower fuselage
is now a solid unit and can be turned over. Cut F-5, F-6, F-7, 2 x 2" turtle deck block and canopy block
to their approximate outlines. Tack glue all of these in place and rough shape with a spokeshave and
sanding block. When the basic shape is achieved, remove the blocks, hollow, and add desired cockpit
detail. Cut F-4 and F-5 apart at the separation line at the rear of the cockpit. Glue all blocks back
into place, but don't glue the separation joints. Attach canopy and add the 1/32" balsa fill to each
side of it. Mask off the canopy for protection and finish shaping and sanding the fuselage.
Cut out the wing slots marked on each side of the fuselage and lift out the section above the wing location.
Sand the wing openings until the wing can be easily slipped into place, inserting TE first. A force
fit can twist the fuselage out of shape. Now, with wing in position, check alignment of stabilizer and
vertical fin, and glue them to fuselage.
If you will be painting the wing and the fuselage together,
cement in the wing now and add check cowls and fillets. If finishing fuselage separately, proceed now
without wing in place. Leave flat cowl areas unfinished for a good glue bond. When you finish painting
the fuselage, cement in the wing and top section and attach cowls. Be sure to epoxy 1/32" ply braces
across wing center joint after wing is set in fuselage.
Landing gear: The landing gear (LG)
struts were cut from a 1/16" thick aluminum blank. Although a one-piece unit would be best, I cut mine
in two pieces from a Sig blank. File the LE and TE of the struts round and rubber cement 1/32" sheet
balsa to top and bottom sides. Lightly sand the balsa to a streamlined shape and cover them with wide
vinyl tape. Presto! A streamlined LG that is no thicker than 1/8" wire.
Missy DARA looks stark naked without her wheel pants on, so make the extra effort to give her some neatly
shaped wheel coverings. The pants shown on the plan are trouble free on black-top landing strips. If
you fly from a grass field, you might try larger wheels and move the pants a little forward on the struts.
The inside 1/16" ply piece fits around the edge of the strut and is the key to keeping the pan, in place.
Adjust the width of the center balsa section to the wheels you in end to use. The epoxy bead around
the edges of the wheel wells allow the pants to be sanded very thin if desired. The balsa fill around
the ply pieces ill make the sanding job easier.
Canopy and Cockpit: Part of
the character of Missy DARA is in the shape of her canopy. If you don't want to mold one, you can still
maintain her beautiful curves by carving a balsa canopy and painting it. Since you have to carve one
in either case, to get the proper shape, you may as well use it for a mold.
Sig's .015 heat
forming plastic works well for the canopy. Use a piece of 1/4" ply, large enough to allow a firm grip,
for pressing the hot plastic over the mold. Cut a hole in the center to the top view shape of the canopy,
making it 1/8" oversize. Attach plastic to the plywood with wood screws and two strips of wood on the
bottom side. Drill two holes part way into the bottom of the balsa mold for 1/4" dowels and mount them
in a firm base, such as a length of 2 x 4". Clamp the 2 x 4" to your beautiful dining table or a Sherman
tank, or whatever you can find around the house to hold it. Preheat the oven to 425°, and put the plastic
in the oven, setting it across a cake pan or the like so that the soft plastic won't touch the oven
shelves. Now, wearing gloves, snatch the plastic from the oven and press down, with a quick, firm action,
over balsa mold. The trick is to do it fast, without doing it crooked. The balsa canopy mold does not
have to be coated with anything to fill the pores. Sand it with the grain to lay down the nap.
The two-in. Williams Bros. racing pilot had its head twisted to the left by holding a hot soldering
iron close to its neck. Its shoulders must be trimmed to get it into the cockpit.
The full-size Miss DARA was canary yellow with blue racing numbers, but somehow all my models end up
white. Choose your colors and favorite finishing method.
I finished the wings with Super MonoKote.
The fuselage was done with surfacing resin and auto enamel. The trim and racing numbers are from MonoKote
trim sheets. The fillets were made with white General Electric brand silicon rubber. I have seen other
colors, but they are not as easily available. This material can be smoothed with a finger dipped in
alcohol, but cannot be reworked much. Practice on scrap first.
<click image for larger version>
The AMA Plans Service offers a full-size
version of many of the plans show here at a very reasonable cost. They will scale the plans any size for you. It is always
best to buy printed plans because my scanner versions often have distortions that can cause parts to fit poorly. Purchasing
plans also help to support the operation of the Academy of Model
Aeronautics - the #1 advocate for model aviation throughout the world. If the AMA no longer has this plan on file, I
will be glad to send you my higher resolution version.
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Posted January 7, 2012