About Airplanes & Rockets

Kirt Blattenberger, Webmaster - Airplanes and Rockets
Kirt Blattenberger
Carpe Diem!
(Seize the Day!)

Even during the busiest times of my life I have endeavored to maintain some form of model building activity. This site has been created to help me chronicle my journey through a lifelong involvement in model aviation, which all began in Mayo, MD. There is a lot of good information and there are lot of pictures throughout the website that you will probably find useful, and might even bring back some old memories from your own days of yore. The website began life around 1996 as an EarthLink screen name of ModelAirplanes, and quickly grew to where more server space ...

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BSEE - KB3UON
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Enterprise-E Control Line Stunt Model
Building & Covering Project

Enterprise-E C/L Stunter - Airplanes and RocketsMarch 24, 2015 Update:

My Enterprise-E finally had its maiden flight today, and all went very well. The electric power system seems appropriately fitted and provides way more than enough thrust. There is a lot of control surface throw available so the first flight was a bit shaky for the first few times around the circle, but the craft settled down after I got accustomed to it. Three flights were put in and I brought her home unscathed - that's success in anyone's book!

January 3, 2015 Update:

A website visitor wrote to ask for details on the outboard wingtip weight box and trim tab (see new photo below, left). Also, I forgot to mention that I always remove the pins from hinges during installation and replace them with one full-length piece of music wire (see pic). Doing so makes covering much easier whether using Monokote or dope, since hinges can be aligned and glued before covering with wire in place. The wire is removed and surfaces separated for covering and then re-installed after covering. It adds very little weight and has the benefit of filling the hinge line gap for aerodynamic efficiency.

Enterprise-E outboard wingtip weight box and trim tab - Airplanes and Rockets

Outboard Wingtip Detail. Approximately 0.6 oz. of lead pellets fit in the weight box. Standard control horn and pushrod used on trim tab.

I wrote this article to describe my experience building BJM Enterprises' Enterprise-E electric control line stunt model. For now, photos are being posted mainly to get that part of the job done ahead of time. The model is very well designed and all of the laser-cut parts fit perfectly. Wood selection is very good for the most part. The only exception is that my fingers easily punched through the 1/16" sheeting for the fuselage bottom in front of the wing when handling it with the motor, battery, and ESC installed, so I replaced it with hard 3/32" sheeting. The provided building instructions are at best guidelines with no pictures or illustrations, and some parts of them referred to an old version of the kit that had built-up tail surfaces (now solid). I posted lots of photos of the building process below. This is definitely not a fledgling builder's kit, but then the Enterprise-E is a high performance model targeted to the experienced builder/flyer. Bill Mandakis, BJM's owner, is very willing to answer questions and make recommendations.

Enterprise-E, Completed, by Dave Nyce - Airplanes and Rockets

Dave Nyce's Enterprise-E covered, awaiting trim - Airplanes and Rockets

Dave Nyce, of North Carolina, sent me these photos of his Enterprise-E project. I really like how he integrated the top portion of the motor cowl into the fuselage top hatch to facilitate servicing the motor if necessary. Unlike with a nitro engine that typically mounts with bolts perpendicular to the thrust line so access from the fuselage side is possible, with electric motors the mounting bolts are accessed from the front. Enclosing the motor with a cowl as shown on the plans would make bolt access difficult at best and impossible at worst. Dave used Monokote on the wings and paint elsewhere.

Dave Nyce's Enterprise-E ready for covering - Airplanes and Rockets

The recommended motor (KDA-A30-12M) does not fit in the location shown on the plans and had to have its centerline shifted down about 1/4". The recommended battery (11.1V, 3,3000 mAH LiPo) was a very tight fit and required hollowing out the top hatch in order to clear the outline while also providing a little clearance for airflow around the battery. I see that a different power package is now recommended by BJM, so maybe those components fit within the plan outlines. Also, while a rear motor shaft ball bearing was supplied, there was no bulkhead for it in the kit or shown on the plans so I designed my own. Bill says that new kits will include a redesigned fuselage front end that uses a laser-cut plywood structure for mounting the motor and bearing.

Details of the pushrod setup were not provided. I attempted to build everything exactly per the plans and instructions, but the supplied 1/8" music wire that was meant to connect to the flap and elevator horns proved to be too difficult to use in the confined space at the rear of the fuselage. In fact using the 1/8" music wire for the elevator horn connection would have required cutting a slot through the fuselage side and fitting a blister bump on the outside to contain the pushrod (not shown on the plans). Instead, I used a more conventional connection with standard pushrod material and an "L" bend with a nylon retainer clip on the elevator. I left the last 1½" of bottom sheeting off the very rear of the fuselage to permit easy access to the linkage. A carbon rod was used between the metal wire at both ends of the pushrod. The provided 1/8" music wire was used at the bellcrank end of the flap pushrod, but then standard pushrod wire with a threaded metal clevis was soldered to it and used at the flap control horn end.

A few pieces of balsa were missing from my kit, and BJM offered to provide them, but it was minimal so I just used what I had on-hand. There were some hardware items that, per the labels on the kit box, should have been included but were missing. Again, Bill offered to provide them, but I had what I needed on-hand and provided them myself. The retail value of the missing items probably would have totaled somewhere around $10, but the main drawback is the inconvenience.

My forward hatch hold-down method uses a pair of 1/16" music wire pins passing through metal tubing. It is fast and easy and weights almost nothing. A slight kink is bent into the ends of the pins to make sure they stay in place when pushed all the way in. Super magnets are nice, but they can be a pain, as can a threaded bolt (as shown on the plans). Note: For even easier access, I later replaced the wire and tubing with a couple rare earth magnets.

Please note that methods and materials shown in my photos might be different from those ordained by BJM Enterprises and/or RSM Distribution. I have developed my own preferences over the years. Any questions should be directed to those two parties.

The weight prior to covering (only the frame, no landing gear, motor, battery, or ESC) was 10.7 oz., and the final all-up, ready-to-fly weight tips the scales at 34.1 oz. With an advertised wing area of 357 in2, that works out to a wing loading of 0.0955 oz/in2 (13.8 oz/ft2. The MotoCalc analysis warns that at full throttle for an extended period the will likely overstress the motor (see full MotoCalc report at bottom of page), but I did not have the exact specifications for the motor, ESC, or battery for an exact analysis. RSM Distributors says the provided .25-size brushless motor is very efficient and should have no problem with their in-house tested setup (RSM25SYS) *** Note: They replaced the original ESC with a Mantis 45A model to make sure it would handle the power.

My Enterprise-E is now ready for its maiden flight. The center of gravity (C/G) is slightly forward of where it is indicated on the plans. Hopefully, I'll be back soon with news of a successful experience!

Enterprise-E  (kitted and sold by BJM)

By Kirt Blattenberger

Supermodel Melanie holding BJM Enterprise-E Control Line Airplane (top) - Airplanes and Rockets
Completed Enterprise-E (top)

Supermodel Melanie holding BJM Enterprise-E Control Line Airplane (side) - Airplanes and Rockets
Completed Enterprise-E (side)

Wing Lettering (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Wing Lettering

BJM Enterprise-E Control Line Airplane (control horn & pushrods) - Airplanes and Rockets

Ready for Covering: Top (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Ready for Covering: Top

Ready for Covering: Side (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Ready for Covering: Side

Elevator Control Horn Pushrod Connection (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Elevator Control Horn Pushrod Connection

Flap & Elevator Pushrod Connections (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Flap & Elevator Pushrod Connections

Velcro Battery Restraint (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Velcro Battery Restraint

Rear motor shaft bearing (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Motor Rear Bearing Bulkhead Completed

Squaring the Firewall (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Squaring the Firewall

Landing Gear Mount Epoxied w/Gussets (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Landing Gear Mount Epoxied w/Gussets

"Needed to Complete" Label (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
"Needed to Complete" Label

Motor, battery, ESC, programmer (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets

 - Airplanes and Rockets

 (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets

Sheer Webs for Wings (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Sheer Webs for Wings

Clearance Notches in Ribs (Enterprise-E)  - Airplanes and Rockets
Clearance Notches in Ribs for Bellcrank Leadout Wires

Leadout Wires Ready to Be Crimped (Enterprise-E)  - Airplanes and Rockets
Leadout Wires Ready to Be Crimped

Glue globs on leadout crimps to prevent catching - Airplanes and Rockets
Bellcrank Leadout Wire After Crimping

 (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets

 - Airplanes and Rockets

 (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Supermodel Melanie holding BJM Enterprise-E Control Line Airplane (bottom) - Airplanes and Rockets
Completed Enterprise-E (bottom)

BJM Enterprise-E Control Line Airplane (motor & electronics) - Airplanes and Rockets
Enterprise-E Motor, Battery, & Electronics

Wing Star Layout (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Wing Star Layout

Ready for Covering: Bottom (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Ready for Covering: Bottom

Hatch w/Latch Tubes (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Hatch w/Latch Tubes
(these have been replaced w/magnets)

Turtledeck Sheeting (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Turtledeck Sheeting Installation

Tailwheel Mount Being Epoxied (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Tailwheel Mount Being Epoxied

Clamping Tailwheel Mount (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Clamping Tailwheel Mount

Rear Bearing Bulkhead (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Motor Rear Bearing Bulkhead Prior to Bearing Insertion

Landing gear mount and rear motor shaft support bulkhead (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Motor Rear Bearing Bulkhead Installed in Fuselage

Windshield Material - Airplanes and Rockets
Windshield Material

Enterprise-E Kit and Motor Boxes - Airplanes and Rockets
Enterprise-E Kit and Motor Boxes

 (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Enterprise-E Kit Box Label

 (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Balsa Included in Kit

Hardware INcluded in Kit - Airplanes and Rockets
Hardware Included in Kit

Kit contents (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Enterprise-E Kit Contents

Flap and Elevator Control Horn Locations (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Flap and Elevator Control Horn Locations

Setting Position of Rear Rib Shim (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Setting Position of Rear Rib Shim

 (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets

Retaining Washer Soldered onto Flap Pushrod (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Retaining Washer Soldered onto Flap Pushrod

 (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets

Adjustable Leadout Guide (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets
Adjustable Leadout Guide

 (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets

 (Enterprise-E) - Airplanes and Rockets

 

MotoCalc analysis for Enterprise-E - Airplanes and RocketsMotOpinion - BJM Enterprise-E

800ft above Sea Level, 29.92inHg, 56°F

Motor: Hacker A30 12M; 1370rpm/V; 2.7A no-load; 0.023 Ohms. Battery: FlightPower 3300 (20C); 3 cells; 3300mAh @ 3.7V; 0.0037 Ohms/cell. Speed Control: 45A ESC; 0.01 Ohms; High rate. Drive System: Master Airscrew 10x5; 10x5 (Pconst=1.31; Tconst=0.95) direct drive. Airframe: Enterprise-E; 357sq.in; 33.9oz RTF; 13.7oz/sq.ft; Cd=0.061; Cl=0.53; Clopt=0.66; Clmax=1.24. Stats: 215 W/lb in; 162 W/lb out; 17mph stall; 24mph opt @ 51% (54:05, 100°F); 26mph level @ 56% (47:48, 104°F); 2536ft/min @ 90°; -229ft/min @ -6.3°.

Possible Power System Problems:

The full-throttle steady-state motor temperature (359°F) is extremely high, which will likely damage the motor unless full-throttle is used very sparingly (even then, damage is possible). Current can be decreased by using fewer cells, a smaller diameter or lower pitched propeller, a higher gear ratio, or some combination of these methods.

Power System Notes:

The full-throttle motor current at the best lift-to-drag ratio airspeed (43A) falls approximately between the motor's maximum efficiency current (34.6A) and its current at theoretical maximum output (222.8A), thus making effective use of the motor.

Aerodynamic Notes:

The static pitch speed (53mph) is within the range of approximately 2.5 to 3 times the model's stall speed (17mph), which is considered ideal for good performance. With a wing loading of 13.7oz/sq.ft., a model of this size will have trainer-like flying characteristics. It would make an ideal trainer, for use in calm to light wind conditions. The static thrust (55.2oz) to weight (33.9oz) ratio is 1.63:1, which will result in extremely short take-off runs, no difficulty taking off from grass surfaces (assuming sufficiently large wheels), and vertical climb-outs. This model will probably be able to perform a hover or torque roll. At the best lift-to-drag ratio airspeed, the excess-thrust (37.8oz) to weight (33.9oz) ratio is 1.11:1, which will give very steep climbs and incredible acceleration. This model can easily do consecutive loops, and has sufficient in-flight thrust for any aerobatic maneuver.

General Notes:

This analysis is based on calculations that take motor heating effects into account. These calculations are based on mathematical models that may not account for all limitations of the components used. Always consult the power system component manufacturers to ensure that no limits (current, rpm, etc.) are being exceeded.

 

 

Posted November 28, 2014